Phenol

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Phenol
Phenol2.svg
Phenol-2D-skeletal.png
Phenol-3D-balls.png
Phenol-3D-vdW.png
Phenol 2 grams.jpg
Names
IUPAC name
Phenol
Ither names
Carbolic acid, benzenol, phenylic acid, hydroxybenzene, phenic acid
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.303
KEGG
RTECS nummer SJ3325000
UNII
Properties
C6H6O
Molar mass 94.11 g·mol−1
Appearance Transparent crystalline solid
Odour Sweet an tarry
Density 1.07 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 40.5 °C (104.9 °F; 313.6 K)
Bylin pynt 181.7 °C (359.1 °F; 454.8 K)
8.3 g/100 mL (20 °C)
Vapour pressur 0.4 mmHg (20°C)[1]
Acidity (pKa) 9.95 (in watter),

29.1 (in acetonitrile)[2]

λmax 270.75 nm[3]
1.224 D
Hazards
GHS pictograms GHS-pictogram-acid.svgGHS-pictogram-skull.svgGHS-pictogram-silhouette.svg[4]
GHS hazard statements H301, H311, H314, H331, H341, H373[4]
GHS precautionary statements P261, P280, P301+310, P305+351+338, P310[4]
NFPA 704
Flash pynt 79 °C (174 °F; 352 K)
Explosive leemits 1.8–8.6%[1]
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
317 mg/kg (rat, oral)
270 mg/kg (moose, oral)[5]
420 mg/kg (rabbit, oral)
500 mg/kg (dog, oral)
80 mg/kg (cat, oral)[5]
19 ppm (mammal)
81 ppm (rat)
69 ppm (moose)
US heal exposur leemits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 5 ppm (19 mg/m3) [skin][1]
REL (Recommendit)
TWA 5 ppm (19 mg/m3) C 15.6 ppm (60 mg/m3) [15-minute] [skin][1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
250 ppm[1]
Relatit compoonds
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Phenol, an aa kent as carbolic acid, is an aromatic organic compoond wi the molecular formula C6H5OH.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 NIOSH Pocket Guide tae Chemical Hazards 0493
  2. Kütt, Agnes; Movchun, Valeria; Rodima, Toomas; Dansauer, Timo; Rusanov, Eduard B.; Leito, Ivo; Kaljurand, Ivari; Koppel, Juta; Pihl, Viljar; Koppel, Ivar; Ovsjannikov, Gea; Toom, Lauri; Mishima, Masaaki; Medebielle, Maurice; Lork, Enno; Röschenthaler, Gerd-Volker; Koppel, Ilmar A.; Kolomeitsev, Alexander A. (2008). "Pentakis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl, a Sterically Crowded and Electron-withdrawing Group: Synthesis and Acidity of Pentakis(trifluoromethyl)benzene, -toluene, -phenol, and -aniline". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 73 (7): 2607–20. doi:10.1021/jo702513w. PMID 18324831. 
  3. http://omlc.ogi.edu/spectra/PhotochemCAD/html/phenol.html
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Sigma-Aldrich Co., Phenol. Retrieved on 2013-07-20.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Phenol". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).