Organisit crime or creeminal organisations are transnational, naitional, or local groupins o heichlie centralisit enterprises run bi creeminals for the purpose o engagin in illegal activity, maist commonly for monetary profit. Some creeminal organizations, such as terrorist organisations, are poleetically motivatit. Sometimes creeminal organisations force fowk tae dae business wi them, as when a gang extorts money frae shopkeepers for so-cried "protection". Gangs mey become disciplined enough tae be considered organisit. An organisit gang or creeminal set can be referred tae as a mob an aw.
In the Unitit States, the Organized Crime Control Act (1970) defines organisit crime as "The unlawful activities o [...] a heichlie organisit, disciplined association [...]". Creeminal activity as a structured group is referred tae as racketeerin an such creeme is commonly referred tae as the wirk o the Mob. In the UK, polis estimate organisit creeme involves up tae 38,000 fowk operatin in 6,000 various groups.
Fuitnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Macionis, Gerber, John, Linda (2010). Sociology 7th Canadian Ed. Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Canada Inc.. pp. 206.
- , Definition of Mob in the Oxford Dictionary online, see meaning 2.
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- Dominic Casciani, BBC News home affairs correspondent: 28 July 2011 Criminal assets worth record £1bn seized by police