Occitan leid

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Occitan
occitan, lenga d'òc, provençal
Native tae Fraunce, Spain, Italy, Monaco
Ethnicity Occitans
Native speakers
estimates range frae 100,000 tae 800,000 (2007–2012)[1][2]
Early form
Dialects
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Catalonie
Recognised minority
leid in
 Fraunce
 Italy (Law nummer 482 o 15 December 1999) [3]
Regulatit bi Conselh de la Lenga Occitana;[4] Congrès Permanent de la Lenga Occitana;[5] Institut d'Estudis Aranesi[6]
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 oc
ISO 639-2 oci
ISO 639-3 ociinclusive code
Individual code:
sdt – Judeo-Occitan
Glottolog occi1239[7]
Linguasphere 51-AAA-g & 51-AAA-f
Occitania blanck map.PNG
Idioma occitano dialectos.png
Various dialects of Occitan
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.

Occitan (occitan, lenga d'òc) is a Romance leid, spak an unnerstuid bi as mony as 0.5 million fowk in soothren Fraunce, Monaco, Catalonie's Val d'Aran, an the Occitan Valleys o Italy. Th'gither thae regions are sometimes referrit tae as Occitania. The leid is still spak in the linguistic exclave o Guardia Piemontese in Calabrie, Italy, an historically in a number o communities in the Americas: Valdese, North Carolina;[8][9] Quebec; Pigüé, Argentinae; an Guanajuato, Mexico. It is a co-offeecial leid o the Spaingie autonomous community o Catalonie.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Bernissan, Fabrice (2012). "Combien l'occitan compte de locuteurs en 2012?". Revue de Linguistique Romane (in French). 76: 467–512. 
  2. Martel, Philippe (December 2007). "Qui parle occitan ?". Langues et cité (in French). No. 10. Observation des pratiques linguistiques. p. 3. De fait, le nombre des locuteurs de l’occitan a pu être estimé par l’INED dans un premier temps à 526 000 personnes, puis à 789 000 ("In fact, the number of occitan speakers was estimated by the French Demographics Institute at 526,000 people, then 789,000") 
  3. Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche, Italian parliament 
  4. CLO's statements in Lingüistica Occitana (online review of Occitan linguistics).
  5. "Page d'accueil". Région Nouvelle-Aquitaine - Aquitaine Limousin Poitou-Charentes. 
  6. "Reconeishença der Institut d'Estudis Aranesi coma academia e autoritat lingüistica der occitan, aranés en Aran". www.conselharan.org. 2 April 2014. 
  7. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Occitan". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  8. Ghigo, F. (1980). The Provençal speech of the Waldensian colonists of Valdese, North Carolina. Valdese: Historic Valdese Foundation. 
  9. Holmes, U. T. (1934). "Waldensian speech in North Carolina". Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie. 54: 500–513.