Nymphaea alba

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European white waterlily
Nymphaea alba in Duisburg.jpg
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
Order: Nymphaeales
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nymphaea
Species: N. alba
Binomial name
Nymphaea alba
L.
Nymphaea alba range.svg

Nymphaea alba, an aa kent as the Loch-lily, is an aquatic flouerin plant o the faimily Nymphaeaceae.

It graws in watter frae 30-150 centimeters deep an liks lairge ponds an lochs. The leaves can be up tae thirty centimeters in diameter an thay tak up a spread o 150 centimeters per plant. The flouers are white an thay hae mony smaa stamens inside.

The reid variety which is in cultivation came frae loch Fagertärn (Fair tarn) in the forest o Tiveden, Swaden, where thay wur discovered in the early 19t century. The discovery led tae a lairge scale exploitation which nearly made it extinct in the wild afore it wis protectit.

It is foond aw ower Europe an in pairts o North Africae an the Middle East in freshwatter.

Nymphaea candida J. Presl is sometimes considered a subspecies o N. alba (N. alba L. subsp. candida (J. Presl) Korsh.).

It contains the active alkaloids nupharine an nymphaeine, an is a sedative an an aphrodisiac/anaphrodisiac dependin on soorces. Altho ruits an stalks are uised in tradeetional yerbal medicine alang wi the flouer, the petals an ither flouer pairts are the maist potent. Alcohol can be uised tae extract the active alkaloids, an it an aa boosts the sedative effects. The ruit o the plant wis uised bi monks an nuns for hundreds o years as an anaphrodisiac, bein crushed an mixed wi wine. In the earliest printit medical textbooks, authors would maintain this aurie o uise, though wairnin against consumin lairge an frequent doses.[1]

A Romanian White Watterlily (Nymphaea alba)
The reid version, photographed in Swaden

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Nielsen, Giftplanter, 68-69