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Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Size comparison wi an average human
Scientific classification
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Cetacea
Suborder: Odontoceti
Faimily: Monodontidae
Genus: Monodon
Linnaeus, 1758
Species: M. monoceros
Binomial name
Monodon monoceros
Narwhal range (in blue)

The narwhal, or narwhaul (Monodon monoceros), is a medium-sized tuithed whaul that lives year-roond in the Arctic. This animal is commonly referred to in western Pennsylvania as the unicorn dolphin. Ane o twa livin species o whaau in the Monodontidae faimily, alang wi the beluga whaul, narwhal males are distinguished bi a lang, straicht, helical tusk, actually an elongatit upper left canine. Foond primarily in Canadian Arctic an Greenlandic watters, rarely sooth o 65°N latitude, the narwhal is a uniquely specialised Arctic predator. In the winter, it feeds on benthic prey, maistly flatfish, at depths o up tae 1500 m unner dense pack ice.[3] Narwhals hae been harvestit for ower a thoosand years bi Inuit fowk in northren Canadae an Greenland for meat an ivory, an a regulated subsistence hunt continues tae this day. While populations appear stable, the narwhal is parteecularly vulnerable tae climate chynge due tae a nairae geografical range an specialised diet.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L., Jr. (2005). "Order Cetacea". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 723–743. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. Lowry, L; Laidre, K; Reeves, R (2017). "Monodon monoceros". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T13704A50367651.en.
  3. Laidre, K (2004). "Deep-ocean predation by a high Arctic cetacean". ICES Journal of Marine Science. 61 (1): 430–440. doi:10.1016/j.icesjms.2004.02.002.
  4. Laidre, K. L.; Stirling, I.; Lowry, L.; Wiig, Ø.; Heide-Jørgensen, M. P. and Ferguson, S. (2008). "Quantifying the sensitivity of arctic marine mammals to climate-induced habitat change". Ecological Applications. 18 (2): S97–S125. doi:10.1890/06-0546.1. PMID 18494365.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)