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Merca beachside.
Merca beachside.
Merca is located in Somalie
Location in Somalie
Coordinates: 01°41′00″N 044°45′00″E / 1.68333°N 44.75000°E / 1.68333; 44.75000Coordinates: 01°41′00″N 044°45′00″E / 1.68333°N 44.75000°E / 1.68333; 44.75000
Kintra Somalie
RegionShabeellaha Hoose
 • Total230,100
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Merca (Somali: Marka, Arabic: مركة‎) is a auncient port ceety in the soothren Lawer Shebelle (Shabeellaha Hoose) region o Somalie. Facin the Indie Ocean, it is the main toun in the province. It is locatit approximately 109 km (68 mi) soothwast o the naition's caipital, Mogadishu.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Minaret an muinrise in Merca.

Merca wis established in the 5t century bi the Biyomaal o present day Somalie. The first Somalis arrived in the ceety in the 3rd century BCE an gained control o the aurie an the local tred. Durin the Middle Ages, the aurie wis ane o several prominent admeenistrative centers o the Ajuran Sultanate. The polity fuirmit ane o the lairgest kinricks in the soothren hauf o the Horn region.

The first written reference tae the Ajuran dates back tae a 13t-century document bi the Arab geographer, Ibn Sa'id, who describit Merca as dae Guilliani, Schleicher an Cerulli.[1]

The Bimaal Sultanate o Marka focht against the Italian colonialists o Italian Somaliland in a twinty-year war kent as the Bimaal revolt in which mony o thair warriors assassinatit several Italian govrenors. Durin the Bimaal Revolt, several prominent leaders wur killed as well. Monuments erectit in thair memory can still be foond in Marka.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o 2000, Merca haed a population o aroond 230,100 indwallers.[2] Local residents hail frae Biyomaal an Barwaani.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Merca haes a jetty-cless seaport, the Port o Merca.[3]

The nearest airport tae the ceety is the K50 Airport in Shabellaha Hoose region.

Airt[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awtho visual airt is no popular in Somalie due tae prevailin beliefs that it contradicts Islam's proscription on aw fuirms o idolatry, a lot o the kent visual airt in the kintra derives frae the smaw historical toun o Merca. Kent for its bonnie white sandy beaches an orange dunes, the ceety's picturesque contrast o colors serves as a inspiration for local visual airtists.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Herbert S. Lewis, "The Origins of the Galla and Somali", in The Journal of African History. Cambridge University Press, 1966, pp 27–30.
  2. Somalia City & Town Population. Retrieved on 2011-12-15.
  3. "Istanbul conference on Somalia 21 – 23 May 2010 - Draft discussion paper for Round Table "Transport infrastructure"" (PDF). Government of Somalia. Retrieved 31 August 2013.