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Merca (Somali: Marka, Arabic: مركة) is a auncient port ceety in the southern Lawer Shebelle (Shabeellaha Hoose) region o Somalie. Facin the Indie Ocean, it is the main toun in the province. It is locatit approximately 109 km (68 mi) soothwast o the naition's caipital, Mogadishu.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Merca wis established in the 5t century bi the Biyomaal o present day Somalie. The first Somalis arrived in the city in the 3rd century BCE an gained control o the aurie an the local trade. Durin the Middle Ages, the aurie wis ane o several prominent admeenistrative centers o the Ajuran Sultanate. The polity fuirmit ane o the lairgest kinricks in the soothren hauf o the Horn region.
The Bimaal Sultanate of Marka focht against the Italian colonialists o Italian Somaliland in a twinty-year war kent as the Bimaal revolt in which mony o their warriors assassinatit several Italian govrenors. Durin the Bimaal Revolt, several prominent leaders wur killed as well. Monuments erectit in their memory can still be foond in Marka.
Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]
Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]
The nearest airport tae the ceety is the K50 Airport in Shabellaha Hoose region.
Airt[eedit | eedit soorce]
Awtho visual airt is no popular in Somalie due tae prevailin beliefs that it contradicts Islam's proscription on aw fuirms o idolatry, a lot o the kent visual airt in the kintra derives frae the smaw historical toun o Merca. Kent for its bonnie white sandy beaches an orange dunes, the ceety's picturesque contrast o colors serves as a inspiration for local visual airtists.
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Herbert S. Lewis, "The Origins of the Galla and Somali", in The Journal of African History. Cambridge University Press, 1966, pp 27–30.
- Somalia City & Town Population. Tageo.com. Retrieved on 2011-12-15.
- "Istanbul conference on Somalia 21 – 23 May 2010 - Draft discussion paper for Round Table "Transport infrastructure"" (PDF). Government of Somalia. Retrieved 31 August 2013.