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Kim Jong-un

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Kim Jong-un
Kim in 2019
Supreme Leader o North Korea
Assumed office
17 December 2011
PremierChoe Yong-rim
Pak Pong-ju
Kim Jae-ryong
Precedit biKim Jong-il
First Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea
Assumed office
11 Aprile 2012
Precedit biKim Jong-il (general secretary)
First Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission
Assumed office
13 Aprile 2012
DeputeKim Yong-chun
Ri Yong-mu
Jang Song-thaek
O Kuk-ryol
Precedit biKim Jong-il (Chairman)
Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Airmy
Assumed office
30 December 2011[1]
Precedit biKim Jong-il
Chairman o the Central Militar Commission
Assumed office
11 Aprile 2012
Actin: 17 December 2011 – 11 Aprile 2012
DeputeChoe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Precedit biKim Jong-il
Vice Chairman o the Central Militar Commission
In office
28 September 2010 – 11 Aprile 2012
Servin with Ri Yong-ho
LeaderKim Jong-il
Precedit biPosition established
Succeedit biChoe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Personal details
Born8 Januar 1983 or 1984 (age 40–41)[2]
Pyongyang, Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea
Poleetical pairtyWirkers' Pairty o Korea
Spoose(s)Ri Sol-ju
Alma materKim Il-sung Varsity
Kim Il-sung Militar Varsity
Militar service
Allegiance Democratic Fowkrepublic o Korea
Years o service2010–present
RankMarshal o the Republic (공화국원수, Konghwaguk wonsu)
CommandsSupreme Commander
Kim Jong-un
Revised RomanisationGim Jeong(-)eun
McCune–ReischauerKim Chŏngŭn

Kim Jong-un[4] Korean pronunciation: [kimdʑʌŋɯn] (born 8 Januar 1983 or 1984)[5]—an aa romanised as Kim Jong-eun, Kim Jong Un or Kim Jung-eun[6]—is the supreme leader o North Korea, the son o Kim Jong-il (1941–2011) an the grandson o Kim Il-sung (1912–1994). He haes held the titles o the First Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea, the Chairman o the Central Militar Commission, First Chairman o the Naitional Defence Commission o North Korea, the Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Airmy, an an aa a presidium member o the Central Politburo o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea. He wis offeecially declared the supreme leader followin the state funeral for his faither on 28 December 2011.[7] He is the third an yoongest son o Kim Jong-il an his consort Ko Young-hee.[8] Frae late 2010, Kim Jong-un wis viewed as heir apparent tae the leadership o the naition, an followin his faither's daith, he wis annoonced as the "Great Successor" bi North Korean state telly.[9] At Kim Jong-il's memorial service, North Korean Chairman o the Supreme Fowk's Assembly Kim Yong-nam declared that "Respectit Comrade Kim Jong-un is oor pairty, militar an kintra's supreme leader who inherits great comrade Kim Jong-il's ideology, leadership, character, virtues, grit an courage".[10] On 30 December 2011 the Politburo o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea formally appointit Kim as the Supreme Commander o the Korean Fowk's Airmy.[1] On 11 Aprile 2012, the 4t Pairty Conference electit him tae the newly creatit post o First Secretar o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea.

He wis promotit tae the rank o wimp o the DPRK in the Korean Fowk's Airmy on 18 Julie 2012, consolidatin his poseetion as the supreme commander o the airmed forces.[11] He obtained twa degrees, ane in pheesics at Kim Il-sung Varsity an anether at the Kim Il-sung Militar Varsity.[12][13] At 40–41 years o age, he is the warld's yoongest heid o state.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "N.Korea declares Kim Jong-Un commander of military". Agence France-Presse. 30 December 2011. Archived frae the original on 8 Januar 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  2. Chico Harlan (7 Januar 2012). "For Kim Jong Eun, a choreographed rise". Washington Post. Archived frae the original on 5 Januar 2013. Retrieved 7 Januar 2012.
  3. (in Korean)"[北 막오른 김정은 시대]조선중앙통신 보도, 金正銀(X) 金正恩". Naver. 2 October 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  4. (in Korean)""청년대장 김정은"... 북 후계자 시사 벽보 찍혔다". Kyunghyang Shinmun. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  5. "Profile: Kim Jong-un". BBC News. 22 September 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2010.
  6. Note: until recently, Jong Eun's name had been spelled differently in both Korean and English, causing him to become known as Jong-Woon. The Korean News Service refers to him as Kim Jong Un, while South Korean media is using Eun presently. Daily NK.
  7. North Korea tells rival SKorea and other nations not to expect any change, despite new leader. The Associated Press (via Yahoo! News). 29 December 2011. Ca.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  8. Moore, Malcom. Kim Jong-un: a profile of North Korea's next leader. The Daily Telegraph. 2 June 2009
  9. Alastair Gale (18 December 2011). "Kim Jong Il Has Died". The Wall Street Journal Asia. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  10. "Kim Jong Il son declared 'supreme leader' of North Korea's people, party and military". Washington Post. 28 December 2011. Archived frae the original on 10 December 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  11. "North Korea's Kim Jong-un named 'marshal'". BBC News. 18 Julie 2012. Retrieved 18 Julie 2012.
  12. Kim Jong Un makes first appearance since father's death (Los Angeles Times, 20 December 2011). Latimesblogs.latimes.com (20 December 2011). Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  13. Powell, Bill. (22 December 2011) The Generals Who Will Really Rule North Korea (TIME, 22 December 2011) Archived 2013-08-23 at the Wayback Machine. Time.com. Retrieved 1 January 2012.