European bison

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

European bison
European bisons.jpg
Wisent in a French wildlife reserve
Scienteefic clessification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Faimily: Bovidae
Subfaimily: Bovinae
Genus: Bison
Species: B. bonasus
Binomial name
Bison bonasus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Subspecies
Bison bonasus distribution.svg

The European bison (Bison bonasus), kent as wisent or the European firth bison, is a Eurasie species o bison. It is ane o twa extant species o bison, alangside the American bison. Three subspecies existit in the recent past, but anerly ane survives the day. The species is stryndit frae a hybrid, a cross atween a female Aurochs, the extinct wild ancestor o modren cattle, an a male Steppe bison; the oreeginal hybrid is kent informally as the Higgs bison.[2][3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Olech, W.; IUCN SSC Bison Specialist Group (2008). "Bison bonasus". IUCN Reid Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2008. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur. Retrieved 14 January 2009. 
  2. The Higgs Bison - mystery species hidden in cave art, The University of Adelaide, 19 October 2016, retrieved 13 January 2017 
  3. Soubrier, J.; Gower, G.; Chen, K.; Richards, S. M.; Llamas, B.; Mitchell, K. J.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Kosintsev, P.; Lee, M. S. Y.; Baryshnikov, G.; Bollongino, R.; Bover, P.; Burger, J.; Chivall, D.; Crégut-Bonnoure, E.; Decker, J. E.; Doronichev, V. B.; Douka, K.; Fordham, D. A.; Fontana, F.; Fritz, C.; Glimmerveen, J.; Golovanova, L. V.; Groves, C.; Guerreschi, A.; Haak, W.; Higham, T.; Hofman-Kamińska, E.; Immel, A.; Julien, M.-A.; Krause, J.; Krotova, O.; Langbein, F.; Larson, G.; Rohrlach, A.; Scheu, A.; Schnabel, R. D.; Taylor, J. F.; Tokarska, M.; Tosello, G.; van der Plicht, J.; van Loenen, A.; Vigne, J.-D.; Wooley, O.; Orlando, L.; Kowalczyk, R.; Shapiro, B.; Cooper, A. (18 October 2016). "Early cave art and ancient DNA record the origin of European bison". Nature Communications. 7 (13158). doi:10.1038/ncomms13158. PMC 5071849Freely accessible. PMID 27754477. Retrieved 2016-11-26.