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Moont McKinley
A snaw-covered, gently slopin muntain is in the backgrund, wi a loch in the foregrund
Fraerae the north, wi Reflection Pond is in the foregrund.
Heichest pynt
Elevation20,237 ft (6,168 m)  NGVD 29.[2][3]
Prominence20,073 ft (6,118 m) [4]
Ranked 3rd
Isolation7,450 kilometres (4,630 mi)
Coordinates63°04′10″N 151°00′27″W / 63.0695°N 151.0074°W / 63.0695; -151.0074Coordinates: 63°04′10″N 151°00′27″W / 63.0695°N 151.0074°W / 63.0695; -151.0074[5]
Denali is locatit in Alaska
LocationDenali Naitional Pairk an Preserve, Alaska, US
Parent rangeAlaska Range
Topo mapUSGS Mt. McKinley A-3
First ascentJuin 7, 1913 by
Hudson Stuck,
Harry Karstens,
Walter Harper
an Robert Tatum
Easiest routeWast Buttrage Route (glacier/snow climb)

Denali (/dˈnɑːli/)[6][7] (also known as Mount McKinley, its former official name)[8] is the heichest moontain peak in North Americae, wi a summit elevation o 20,237 feet (6,168 m) abuin sea level. Wi a topographic prominence o 20,156 feet (6,144 m) an a topografic isolation l 4,629 miles (7,450 km), Denali is the third maist prominent an third maist isolatit peak on Yird, aifter Moont Everest an Aconcagua. Locatit in the Alaska Range in the interior o the U.S. state o Alaska, Denali is the centerpiece o Denali Naitional Pairk an Preserve.

The Koyukon fowk wha inhabit the aurie aroond the moontain hae referred tae the peak as "Denali" for centuries. In 1896, a gowd prospector named it "Moont McKinley" in support o then-presidential candidate William McKinley; that name wis the offeecial name recognised bi the Federal govrenment o the Unitit States frae 1917 until 2015. In August 2015, follaein the 1975 lead o the State o Alaska, the Unitit States Depairtment o the Interior annoonced the chynge o the offeecial name o the moontain tae Denali.[9][10]

In 1903, James Wickersham recordit the first attempt at climbin Denali, which wis unsuccessful. In 1906, Frederick Cook claimed the first ascent, but this ascent is unverifee'd an its legitimacy questioned. The first verifiable ascent tae Denali's summit wis achieved on Juin 7, 1913, bi climbers Hudson Stuck, Harry Karstens, Walter Harper, an Robert Tatum, wha went bi the Sooth Summit. In 1951, Bradford Washburn pioneered the Wast Buttrage route, conseedert tae be the safest an easiest route, an tharefore the maist popular currently in uise.[11]

On September 2, 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey annoonced that the moontain is 20,310 feet (6,190 m) heich,[2] nae 20,320 feet (6,194 m), as measured in 1952 uisin photogrammetry.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Map and List of U.S. State Highpoints". IIAWT. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Herz, Nathaniel (11 September 2013). "New survey cuts Mount McKinley elevation by 80 feet". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  3. "Mount McKinley 83ft shorter than previously thought". BBC News. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  4. "Mount McKinley, Alaska". Retrieved 2010-02-01.
  5. "Denali". Geographic Names Information System. Unitit States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
  6. Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917]. Peter Roach; James Hartmann; Jane Setter (eds.). English Pronouncing Dictionary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 3-12-539683-2.
  7. "Denali". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
  8. Mr. Wyden, from the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (September 10, 2013). "Senate Report 113-93 – Designation of Denali in the State of Alaska". U.S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved 2015-09-16. The State of Alaska changed the name of the mountain to Denali in 1975, although the U.S. Board on Geographic Names has continued to use the name Mount McKinley. Today most Alaskans refer to Mount McKinley as Denali.
  9. "Denali Name Change" (PDF) (Press release). U.S. Department of the Interior. August 28, 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
  10. Campbell, Jon (August 30, 2015). "Old Name Officially Returns to Nation's Highest Peak". U.S. Board of 6Geographic Names (U.S. Geological Survey). Retrieved May 16, 2016.
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