Ciénaga, Magdalena

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Ciénaga
Ceety an Municipality
Central Pairk in the toun o Ciénaga
Central Pairk in the toun o Ciénaga
Banner o Ciénaga
Banner
Colombia - Magdalena - Ciénaga.svg
Ciénaga is locatit in Colombia
Ciénaga
Ciénaga
Coordinates: 11°00′25″N 74°15′00″W / 11.00694°N 74.25000°W / 11.00694; -74.25000
Kintra Colombie
Region Caribbean
Depairtment Magdalena
Foondation 1521
Incorporatit 1817
Govrenment
 • Mayor Tete Luis Samper
Aurie
 • Total 1,812 km2 (700 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Tot 100,908
 • Density 56/km2 (140/sq mi)
  [1]
Demonym(s) Cienaguero,-a
Aurie code(s) 57 + 3
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid (in Spaingie)

Ciénaga (Spaingie pronunciation: [ˈsjenaɣa]) is a ceety an municipality in Magdalena, Colombie, the seicont lairgest population centre in this depairtment, efter the ceety o Santa Marta. It is situatit at 11° 00' North, 74° 15' Wast, atween the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, the Caribbean Sea an the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta mairsh in northren Colombie. The toun is situait in the northren pairt o Magdalena, 35 km frae Santa Marta. In 1993, thare wur 121,681 indwallers (65,357 in urban auries an 56,324 in landwart auries). The mean annual temperatur is 34 °C.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Prior tae the arrival o the Spainyie colonizers the aurie wis vastly populatit bi Chimila Indies an a veelage kent as Pongueyca. The foondation o Ciénaga haes aye been a matter o dispute due tae mony different historical theories an the lack o documentit soorces. It is believit tae be foondit first in wha is nou a smaw veelage kent as Pueblo Viejo an the steid o a umwhile Chimila tribe. In 1585 monk Fray Tomás Ortiz established a pairish that wad later burn in a fire. It wis then refoondit as a ceety bi Fernando de Mier y Guerra unner the name o Villa de San Juan Bautista de la Ciénaga but wis kent wi the names o San Juan del Córdoba, Aldea Grande, Córdoba, Pueblo de la Ciénaga an simply Ciénaga an aw.

Plaza Cienaga Panorama 2

Durin the war o unthirldom frae Spain, Ciénaga became a battle grund on 10 November 1820, atween lyalists an unthirltists o wha became kent as the Battle o Ciénaga.

On 6 Dizember 1928, the Banana massacre (in Spainyie, matanza de las bananeras) occurred in this toun. It wis a massacre o wirkers for the United Fruit Company; a unkent nummer o workers dee'd efter the govrenment decidit tae send the militar forces tae end a month-lang strike organisit bi the wirkers' union in order tae demand better wirkin condeetions.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ciénaga haes been the place o birth an hame tae numerous notable fowk, includin native Thoosan Days' War hero, muisicker an fermer Colonel Clemente Escalona, faither an teacher o vallenato componer Rafael Escalona. Guillermo Buitrago, who dee'd vera young - 29 years auld - became a vera important figur o the 20t century's fowklear in Colombie. The ceety pays annual hamage tae him in the Guillermo de Jesús Buitrago Guitar Festival. It wis the birthplace o Andrés Paz Barrosthe an aw, cumbia cienaguera foonder an muisical componer. Ciénaga celebrates ivery year on 20 Januar 20 the Fiesta del Caimán (Feast o the Caiman) honorin a local legend kent as La Historia de Tomasita.

The impact o the bananae industry on Ciénaga an the surroondin region is depictit in several stories bi Gabriel García Márquez in 100 Years o Solitude an The Leaf Storm.[2]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 11°00′25″N 74°15′00″W / 11.00694°N 74.25000°W / 11.00694; -74.25000