Carsphairn

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Carsphairn

Carsphairn (Gaelic: An Còrsa Feàrna) is a veelage in the historical coonty o Kirkcoubrishire in Dumfries an Gallowa, Scotland. It is locatit aboot haufwey atween Dawmellinton an St John's Toun o Dalry on the A713 road. Carsphairn annual sheep shaw is haudit in the veelage. Cairnsmore o Carsphairn is til the nor'east o the veelage in the Carsphairn an Scaur Hills. Til the wast is the rig o the Rhins o Kells[1] in the Gallowa Hills.

The veelage haes mony featurs rangin fae an auncient stane circle[2] til a nuclear listenin post[3] (noo disuisst) an includes local amenities sic as a shap, a tearoom, an primary schuil, and a veelage haw.

Cairsphairn Kirk (Kirk o Scotland) wis built in 1815 on the site o an earlier kirk. Addeetions an alterations in the 1930s include the apse an the airchle.

The Knockengorroch Warld Ceilidh taks place here ilka year.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Carsphairn wis made an independent pairish aroond 1627,[4] it haed been umwhile a pairt o the pairish o Dalry, an wis creatit a Free Burgh in 1672 unner a chairter requeestit bi Robert Grierson o Lag.[5]

Namely residenters[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Tammas Jackson FRSE LLD (1773-1837) - pheesicist wis born an reart here.[6]
  • John Loudon McAdam (1756-1836) - ceevil ingineer an road-builder. Lagwyne juist ootby the veelage wis his bairnheid hame.
  • Colonel Alexander Clark-Kennedy o Knockgray (1780-1864) - capturt the eagle an the colours o a French regiment at the Battle o Waterloo.[2]

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

Disuised lead mines, Woodhead, Carsphairn

Industry here is mainly landwart, bit, historical, a signeeficant minin industry existit, particular o leid, follaein the diskivery o signeeficant amoonts in 1837. By the mid 1850s the mine wis producin 1,000 tons ilka year.[7] Minin conteenaed in the aurie, wi peak production atween 1906 an 1914. Follaein the end o Warld War I the industry foondert an by 1928 aw leid-minin operations haed ceased.[8]

Leetit biggins in Carsphairn[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Carsphairn Parish Church, Church Of Scotland
  • Barlaes
  • Carsphairn Parish Churchyard And Mcadam Mausoleum
  • Galloway Hydroelectric Power Scheme, Kendoon South Dam
  • Dalshangan Stables
  • Dalshangan Dovecot
  • Holm Of Daltailochan
  • Galloway Hydroelectric Power Scheme, Kendoon North Dam

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. map of the Rhinns of Kells with hill walking routes
  2. Holm of Daltallochan stone circle
  3. Royal Observer Corps database of UK monitoring posts
  4. Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords (1841) "Sessional Papers Printed by Order of the House of Lords, Or Presented by Royal Command, in the Session 40 & 50 Victoriæ (26th January-22d June) and the Session 50 Victoriæ (19th August-7th October) 1841", Volume 7, P190 Retrieved May 2013
  5. Ed. John Nicholson (1855) "Minute book kept by the war committee of the Covenanters in the stewartry of Kircudbright ... 1640 and 1641",[sic, Spelling] P179, Kirkcudbright county. Retrieved May 2013
  6. Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Julie 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 24 Januar 2013. Retrieved 20 Mairch 2020.
  7. Royal Scottish Society of Arts (1851) "Transactions of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts", Volume 3, P21., Neill & Company. Retrieved May 2013
  8. Payne, P.L. (1967) "Studies in Scottish business history", P107, Routledge, ISBN 0714613495 Retrieved May 2013

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 55°12′37″N 4°15′53″W / 55.21019°N 4.26463°W / 55.21019; -4.26463