Cannabis (drog)

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Cannabis
Cannabis Plant.jpg
A flouerin cannabis plant
Botanical Cannabis
Soorce plant(s) Cannabis sativa, Cannabis sativa forma indica, Cannabis ruderalis
Pairt(s) o plant flower
Geographic origin Central an Sooth Asie.[1]
Active ingredients Tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabinol, tetrahydrocannabivarin
Main producers Afghanistan,[2] Canadae,[3] Cheenae, Colombie,[4] Indie,[2] Jamaica,[2] Lebanon,[5] Mexico,[6] Morocco,[2] Netherlands, Pakistan, Paraguay,[6] Spain,[2] Thailand, Turkey, Unitit States[2]
Legal status

Cannabis, an aa kent as marijuana[7] an bi numerous ither names,a[›] is a preparation o the Cannabis plant intendit for uise as a psychoactive drog or medicine.[8][9] The main psychoactive pairt o cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); it is ane o 483 kent compoonds in the plant,[10] includin at least 84 ither cannabinoids, such as cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), an tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV).[11][12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2007). Marijuana and the Cannabinoids. Springer. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-59259-947-9. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 United Nations. "World Drug Report 2013" (PDF). The united Nations. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  3. "Medical Use of Marijuana". Health Canada. Retrieved 12 Januar 2015. 
  4. "New Colombia Resources Inc Subsidiary, Sannabis, Produces First Batch of Medical Marijuana Based Products in Colombia to Fill Back Orders". prnewswire.com. PR Newswire. Retrieved 12 Januar 2015. 
  5. Rana Moussaoui (Nov 25, 2013). "Lebanon cannabis trade thrives in shadow of Syrian war". AFP. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Sanie Lopez Garelli (25 November 2008). "Mexico, Paraguay top pot producers, U.N. report says". CNN International. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  7. See article on Marijuana as a wird.
  8. Template:ShorterOxfordEnglishDictionary
  9. Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries (2007). Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries: English Words That Come From Spanish. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-547-35021-9. 
  10. Ethan B Russo (2013). Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-136-61493-4. 
  11. El-Alfy, Abir T; et al. (Jun 2010). "Antidepressant-like effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa L". Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 95 (4): 434–42. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2010.03.004. PMC 2866040Freely accessible. PMID 20332000. 
  12. Fusar-Poli P, Crippa JA, Bhattacharyya S; et al. (Januar 2009). "Distinct effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Neural Activation during Emotional Processing". Archives of General Psychiatry. 66 (1): 95–105. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2008.519. PMID 19124693.