Bryozoa

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Bryozoa
Temporal range: Early Ordovician – Recent[1][2]
Haeckel Bryozoa.jpg
"Bryozoa", frae Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur, 1904
Scientific classification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Clade: Lophophorata
[4]
Phylum: Bryozoa
Ehrenberg, 1831[3]
Synonyms

Ectoprocta (Nitsche, 1869) (umwhile subphylum o Bryzoa)[5]

Bryozoa (an aw kent as the Polyzoa, Ectoprocta or commonly as moss ainimals)[6] are a phylum o aquatic invertebrate ainimals.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Taylor, P.D.; Berning, B.; Wilson, M.A. (November 2013). "Reinterpretation of the Cambrian 'bryozoan' Pywackia as an octocoral". Journal of Paleontology. 87 (6): 984–990. doi:10.1666/13-029. 
  2. Ma, Junye; Taylor, Paul D.; Xia, Fengsheng; Zhan, Renbin (September 2015). "The oldest known bryozoan: Prophyllodictya (Cryptostomata) from the lower Tremadocian (Lower Ordovician) of Liujiachang, south-western Hubei, central China". Palaeontology. 58 (5): 925–934. doi:10.1111/pala.12189. 
  3. Ernst, A. (2007). "A cystoporate bryozoan species from the Zechstein (Late Permian)". Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 81 (2): 113–117. doi:10.1007/BF02988385. 
  4. Halanych, K.M.; Bacheller, J.D.; Aguinaldo, A.M.; Liva, S.M.; Hillis, D.M.; Lake, J.A. (17 March 1995). "Evidence from 18S ribosomal DNA that the lophophorates are protostome animals". Science. 267 (5204): 1641–1643. Bibcode:1995Sci...267.1641H. doi:10.1126/science.7886451. PMID 7886451. 
  5. Fuchs, J.; Obst, M; Sundberg, P (July 2009). "The first comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Bryozoa (Ectoprocta) based on combined analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial genes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 52 (1): 225–233. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.01.021. PMID 19475710. 
  6. Brusca; Brusca. "21: The Lophophorate Phyla". The Invertebrates.