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Pineaiple, a bromeliad
Scientific classification
Kinrick: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Faimily: Bromeliaceae

The Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) are a faimily o monocot flouerin plants o aroond 3,170 species native mainly tae the tropical Americas, wi a few species foond in the American subtropics an ane in tropical wast Africae, Pitcairnia feliciana.[2] Thay are amang the basal faimilies within the Poales an are unique acause thay are the anly faimily within the order that haes septal nectaries an inferior ovaries.[3] These inferior ovaries characterize the Bromelioideae, a subfaimily o the Bromeliaceae.[4] The faimily includes baith epiphytes, such as Spainyie fog (Tillandsia usneoides), an terrestrial species, such as the pineapple (Ananas comosus). Mony bromeliads are able tae store watter in a structure furmed bi thair tichtly-owerlappin leaf bases. However, the faimily is diverse enough tae include the tank bromeliads, grey-leaved epiphyte Tillandsia species that gather watter only frae leaf structures cried trichomes, an a lairge nummer o desert-dwellin succulents.

The lairgest bromeliad is Puya raimondii, which reaches 3–4 m taw in vegetative growth wi a flouer spike 9–10 m tall, an the smawest is Spainyie moss.

Classification[eedit | eedit soorce]

The faimily Bromeliaceae is currently placed in the order Poales.

Subfaimilies[eedit | eedit soorce]

The faimily Bromeliaceae is organized intae three subfaimilies:

Genera[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x, archived frae the original on 25 Mey 2017, retrieved 10 December 2010 Archived 2017-05-25 at Archive-It
  2. Mabberley, D.J. (1997). The Plant Book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Judd, Walter S. Plant systematics a phylogenetic approach. 3rd ed. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates, Inc., 2007.
  4. Sajo, M. G. "Floral anatomy of Bromeliaceae, with particular reference to the epigyny and septal nectaries in commelinid monocots." Plant Systematics and Evolution 247 (2004): 215-31.