Birth defect

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Birth defect
SynonymsCongenital disorder, congenital disease, congenital deformity, congenital anomaly[1]
A boy wi Down syndrome, ane o the maist common birth defects[2]
SpecialtyMedical genetics, pediatrics
SymptomsPheesical disabeelity, intellectual disabeelity, developmental disabeelity[3]
Uisual onsetPresent at birth[3]
TeepsStructural, functional[4]
CausesGenetics, exposur tae certain medications or chemicals, certaint infections in pregnancy[5]
Risk factorsNae eneuch folic acid, drinkin alcohol or smeukin, puirly controlled diabetes, mother ower the age o 35[6][7]
TreatmentTherapy, medication, surgery, assistive technology[8]
Frequency3% of newborns (US)[2]
Daiths628,000 (2015)[9]

A birth defect, kent as a congenital disorder an aw, is a condeetion present at birth regairdless o cause.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ruth A. Hannon (2010). Porth pathophysiology : concepts of altered health states (1st Canadian ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-60547-781-7.
  2. a b "Birth Defects". 15 December 2015. Retrieved 17 Januar 2016.
  3. a b c "Birth Defects: Condition Information". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  4. "What are the types of birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  5. "What causes birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  6. "How many people are affected by/at risk for birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  7. "Facts Birth Defects". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (in Inglis). 7 September 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  8. "What are the treatments for birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  9. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. PMID 27733281.