Birth defect

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Birth defect
Synonyms Congenital disorder, congenital disease, congenital deformity, congenital anomaly[1]
A boy wi Down syndrome, ane o the maist common birth defects[2]
Specialty Medical genetics, pediatrics
Symptoms Pheesical disabeelity, intellectual disabeelity, developmental disabeelity[3]
Uisual onset Present at birth[3]
Teeps Structural, functional[4]
Causes Genetics, exposur tae certain medications or chemicals, certaint infections in pregnancy[5]
Risk factors Nae eneuch folic acid, drinkin alcohol or smeukin, puirly controlled diabetes, mother ower the age o 35[6][7]
Treatment Therapy, medication, surgery, assistive technology[8]
Frequency 3% of newborns (US)[2]
Daiths 628,000 (2015)[9]

A birth defect, an aa kent as congenital disorder, is a condeetion present at birth regairdless o cause.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ruth A. Hannon (2010). Porth pathophysiology : concepts of altered health states (1st Canadian ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-60547-781-7. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Birth Defects". Dec 15, 2015. Retrieved 17 Jan 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Birth Defects: Condition Information". Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  4. "What are the types of birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  5. "What causes birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  6. "How many people are affected by/at risk for birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  7. "Facts Birth Defects". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (in Inglis). 7 September 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  8. "What are the treatments for birth defects?". Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  9. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. PMID 27733281.