Banner o the Republic o Korea

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Flag of South Korea.svg

The Banner o the Republic o Korea, or Taegeukgi (also spelled Taegukgi in convention) is derived frae the Chinese design o the yin an yang symbol an haes three parts: a white background; a red an blue taegeuk in the centre; an fower black trigrams, one in each corner o the flag.

The general design o the banner also derives from traditional uise o the tricolour symbol (red, blue an yellow) bi Koreans starting frae the early era o Korean history. The white background symbolises "cleanliness o the people." The Taegeuk represents the origin o all things in the universe; holding the twa principles o "Yin", the negative aspect rendered in blue, an "Yang", the positive aspect rendered in red, in perfect balance. Thegither, they represent a continuous movement athin infinity, the twa mergin as one. The four trigrams are

Name in Korean Nature Saisons Cardinal directions Fower virtues Family Fower elements Meanings
Palgwae Geon.svg geon (건 / ) sky (천 / ) hairst (춘 / ) east (동 / ) humanity (인 / ) faither (부 / ) metal (금 / ) juistice (정의 / 正義)
Palgwae Ri.svg ri (리 / ) sun (일 / ) autumn (추 / ) sooth (남 / ) courtesy (예 / ) son (중남 / ) fire (화 / ) wisdom (지혜 / 智慧)
Palgwae Gam.svg gam (감 / ) moon (월 / ) winter (동 / ) north (북 / ) intelligence (지 / ) dochhter (중녀 / ) water (수 / ) vitality (생명력 / 生命力)
Palgwae Gon.svg gon (곤 / ) earth (지 / ) simmer (하 / ) wast (서 / 西) richteousness (의 / ) mither (모 / ) earth (토 / ) fertility (풍요 / 豊饒)

Traditionally, the fower trigrams are relatit tae the Five Elements o fire, water, earth, wood, an metal. An analogy could also be drawn with the fower wastren classical elements.