Banner o Lebanon

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The banner o Lebanon (Arabic: علم لبنان‎) is formed o twa horizontal reid stripes envelopin a horizontal white stripe. The white stripe is tae be twa times a reid ane (ratio 1:2:1)—a Spaingie fess. The green cedar in the middle touches each o the reid stripes an its width is ane third o the width o the banner.[1]

Seembolism[eedit | eedit soorce]

It wis designed tae be a neutral banner, no allied tae ony ane o Lebanon's releegious groups. The reid stripes seembolise the pure bluid shed in the aim o leeberation. The white stripe seembolizes peace, an the white snaw coverin Lebanon's muntains. The green cedar (Arz) (Species: Cedrus libani or Lebanon Cedar) seembolizes immortality an steadiness.[2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Lebanese banner efter the faw o the Ottoman empire.

Throu history, Lebanon, or at least its region, haed taken the banner o the fowk who occupied it (Mamluk, Ottoman Empire)

French Mandate o Lebanon[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Lebanese banner, durin the French mandate (1918–1943).

Durin the French Mandate o Lebanon, the Lebanese banner wis designed bi the preses o the Lebanese Renaissance Movement, the late Naoum Mukarzel. It wis seemilar tae the tricolour banner o Fraunce but wi a Cedar in the middle.

Lebanese Republic[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreeginal design
Design stored at WIPO

The preses Lebanese banner wis adoptit juist prior tae unthirldom frae Fraunce in 1943. Seekin for unthirldom, the actual banner wis first drawn bi member o parliament Henri Pharaon[3][4] in the Chamber o deputies Saeb Salam's hoose in Mousaitbeh bi the deputies o the Lebanese parliament. It wis adoptit on December 7, 1943, durin a meetin in the parliament, whaur the airticle 5 in the Lebanese constitution wis modified.

Ane theory is that syne Henri Pharaon wis a lang-time consul in Vienna, Austrick an wis an avid friend an foonder o the "Austro-Lebanese Association o Friendship", the colors coud hae been inspired bi the reid-white-red Banner o Austrick. The Austrian banner is ane o the auldest in the warld, datin tae the 13t century when it first probably appeared efter the Siege o Acre durin the Third Crusade.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The description of the flag is cited in the Lebanese Constitution, Chapter 1, Article 5". Archived frae the original on 3 Mey 2002. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Flag
  3. "Henry Pharoun Is Slain at Home; Founder of Free Lebanon Was 92". The New York Times. 7 August 1993. Retrieved 8 October 2008. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  4. "Lubnān, Republic of Lebanon, Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Lubnāniyyah". Flags of The World. CRW. Retrieved 8 August 2009.