The Naitional Banner o Indie is a horizontal rectangular tricolour o deep saffron, white an Indie green; wi the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in blue at its centre. It wis adoptit in its present form durin a meetin o the Constituent Assembly held on 22 Julie 1947, when it became the offeecial banner o the Dominion o Indie. The banner wis subsequently retained as that o the Republic o Indie. In Indie, the term "tricolour" (Hindi: तिरंगा, Tirangā) amaist aaways refers tae the Indian naitional banner. The banner is based on the Swaraj banner, a banner o the Indian Naitional Congress designed bi Pingali Venkayya.
The banner, bi law, is tae be made o khadi, a special teep o haund-spun cloth o cotton or silk made popular bi Mahatma Gandhi. The manufacturin process an specifications for the banner are laid oot bi the Bureau o Indian Staundarts. The richt tae manufacture the banner is held bi the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission, who allocate it tae the regional groups. As o 2009, the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha wis the sole manufacturer o the banner.
Uisage o the banner is govrened bi the Banner Code o Indie an ither laws relatin tae the naitional emblems. The oreeginal code prohibitit uise o the banner bi private ceetizens except on naitional days such as the Unthirldom day an the Republic Day. In 2002, on hearin an appeal frae a private ceetizen, the Supreme Court o Indie directit the Govrenment o Indie tae amend the code tae allou banner uisage bi private ceetizens. Subsequently, the Union Cabinet o Indie amendit the code tae allou leemitit uisage. The code wis amendit ance mair in 2005 tae allou some additional uise includin adaptations on certain forms o clothin. The banner code an aa govrens the protocol o flyin the banner an its uise in conjunction wi ither naitional an non-naitional flas.
Design an seembolism[eedit | eedit soorce]
Gandhi first proposed a banner tae the Indian Naitional Congress in 1921. The banner wis designed bi Pingali Venkayya, an agriculturist frae Machilipatnam. The oreeginal design Gandhi wis presentit wi includit twa colours, red for the Hindus, an green for the Muslims. In the centre wis a traditional spinnin wheel, seembolisin Gandhi's goal o makin Indians sel-reliant bi fabricatin thair awn clothin. The design wis then modified tae include a white stripe in the centre for ither releegious communities, an provide a backgrund for the spinnin wheel. Subsequently, tae avoid sectarian associations wi the colour scheme, saffron, white an green wur chosen for the three baunds, representin courage an sacrifice, peace an truth, an faith and chivalry respectively.
A few days afore Indie became independent on August 1947, the specially constitutit Constituent Assembly decidit that the banner o Indie must be acceptable tae aw pairties an communities. A modified version o the Swaraj flag wis chosen; the tricolour remained the same saffron, white an green. Housomeivver, the charkha wis replaced bi the Ashoka Chakra representin the eternal wheel o law. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who later became Indie's first Vice Preses, clarified the adoptit banner an describit its significance as follaes:
|“||Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation o disinterestedness. Oor leaders must be indifferent tae material gains an dedicate thaisels tae their wirk. The white in the centre is licht, the path o truth tae guide oor conduct. The green shows oor relation tae (the) soil, oor relation tae the plant life here, on which aw ither life depends. The "Ashoka Chakra" in the centre o the white is the wheel o the law o dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought tae be the controllin principle o those who wirk unner this banner. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is daith in stagnation. There is life in movement. Indie shoud nae mair resist chynge, it must move an go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism o a peaceful chynge.||”|
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Finally, Pingali Venkaiah set to get his due". The Times of India. 30 Julie 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- "Tribute to the 'flag man'". The Hindu. 10 August 2007. Archived frae the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- "Flag of India". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009. Retrieved 2 Julie 2009.
- Heimer, Željko (2 Julie 2006). "India". Flags of the World. Retrieved 11 October 2006.
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