Staraya Ladoga

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Staraya Ladoga (Scots)
Старая Ладога (Roushie)
-  Inhabitit locality  -
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Leningrad Oblast in Roushie
Staraya Ladoga is located in Leningrad Oblast
Staraya Ladoga
Staraya Ladoga
Coordinates: 59°59′N 32°18′E / 59.983°N 32.300°E / 59.983; 32.300
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast
Statistics
Population (2002 Census) 3,200 inhabitants[1]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[2]
Founded 753[citation needit]
Postal code(s) 187412[citation needit]

Staraya Ladoga (Roushie: Ста́рая Ла́дога‎), Finnish: Vanha Laatokka‎ or the Aldeigjuborg o Norse sagas, is a veelage (selo) in the Volkhovsky Destrict o Leningrad Oblast, Roushie, locatit on the Volkhov River near Lake Ladoga, 8 km north o the toun o Volkhov. The veelage uised tae be a prosperous tradin ootpost in the 8t an 9t centuries. A multi-ethnic dounset, it wis dominatit bi Scandinavies who wur cried bi the name o Rus an for that raison is sometimes cried the first caipital o Roushie.

Oreegin an name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The fortress o Ladoga wis built in the 12t century an rebuilt 400 years later. It is nou maistly reconstructit syne bein hivily damagit durin Warld War II.

Dendrochronology suggests that Ladoga wis foondit in 753. Till 950, it wis ane o the maist important tradin ports o Eastren Europe. Merchant vessels sailed frae the Baltic Sea through Ladoga tae Veliky Novgorod an then tae Constantinople or the Caspian Sea. This route is ken as the Trade Route frae the Varangians tae the Greeks. An alternative wey led doun the Volga River alang the Volga trade route tae the Khazar caipital o Atil, an then tae the soothren shores o the Caspian Sea, aw the wey tae Baghdad. Tellingly, the auldest Arabie Middle Age coin in Europe wis unearthed in Ladoga.

Auld (staraya means "auld") Ladoga's inhabitants wur Norsemen, Finns, an Slavs, hence different names for the ceety. The oreeginal Finnish name, Alode-joki (i.e., "lowland river"), wis rendered as "Aldeigja" in Norse leid an as "Ladoga" (Ладога) in Auld East Slavic.

Ladoga unner Rurik an Rurikids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the Hypatian Codex, the legendary Varangian leader Rurik arrivit at Ladoga in 862 an made it his caipital. Rurik's successors later muivit tae Novgorod an then tae Kiev, thus layin foondations for the pouerful state o Kievan Rus. Thare are several huge kurgans, or ryal funerary barraes, at the ootskirts o Ladoga. Ane o them is said tae be Rurik's grave, an anither ane—that o his successor Oleg. The Heimskringla an ither Norse sources mention that in the late 990s Eiríkr Hákonarson o Norawa raidit the coast an set the toun ablaze. Ladoga wis the maist important tradin center in Eastren Europe frae aboot 800 tae 900 CE, an it is estimatit that atween 90 tae 95% o aw Arab dirhams foond in Swaden passed through Ladoga.

St. George's Kirk contains magnificent frescoes paintit in 1167.

Ladoga's next mention in chronicles is datit tae 1019, when Ingigerd o Swaden marriet Yaroslav o Novgorod. Unner the terms o their marriage dounset, Yaroslav cedit Ladoga tae his wife, who appointit her faither's cousin, the Swadish earl Ragnvald Ulfsson, tae rule the toun. This information is confirmit bi sagas an airchaeological evidence, which suggests that Ladoga gradually evolvit intae a primarily Varangian dounset. At least twa Swadish keengs spent their youths in Ladoga, keeng Stenkil an Inge I, an possibly keeng Anund Gårdske an aw.

In the 12t an 13t centuries, Ladoga functioned as a trade ootpost o the pouerful Novgorod Republic. Later its trade significance declinit an maist o the population engagit in fishin in 15t century.[3] Efter new fortresses such as Oreshek an Korela wur constructit in 14t century further tae the wast o Ladoga the toun's militar significance decreased an aw. Ladoga belangit tae the Vodskaya pyatina o the republic an contained 84 hamesteids in 15t century; maist o the laund belangit tae the kirk.[3] The Novgorodians built there a citadel wi five touers an several kirks. The fortress wis rebuilt at the turn o the 15t an 16t centuries, while the mid-12t-century kirks o St. George an o Mary's Assumption staund in aw their oreeginal glory. Inside St. George's, some magnificent 12t-century frescoes are still visible.

The reconstruction o pairt Staraya Ladoga's fortress is wis completit in 2010.[4]

Sichts an landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1703, Peter the Great foondit the toun o Novaya Ladoga (New Ladoga) closer tae the bank o Lake Ladoga. The auncient fortress thenceforth declined an came tae be kent as Auld Ladoga, in order tae distinguish it frae the new toun.

The hert o Staraya Ladoga is an auld fortress whaur the Yelena River flows intae the Volkhov River. In earlier times, it wis a strategic steid acause it wis the anerlie possible harbour for sea-vessels that coud no navigate through the Volkhov River. Apairt frae the kirks mentioned abuin, there is a mid-12t century kirk o St. Climent, which staunds in ruins. Thare is a monastery an aw, dedicatit tae St. Nicholas an constructit mainly in the 17t century.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  2. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bernadsky, Viktor Nikolayevich (1961). Новгород и новгородская земля в XV веке (Novgorod and the Novgorod Land in XV century). Leningrad (Saint Petersburg): published by the USSR Academy of Sciences. pp. 130–131. 
  4. "In Staraya Ladoga in 2010 will recreate Strelochnaya tower of a fortress Russian:В Старой Ладоге в 2010 году воссоздадут Стрелочную башню крепости". Leningrad Oblast (in Roushie) (karpovka.net). 2009-08-22. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]