Sooth Yemen

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Fowkdemocratic Republic o Yemen
جمهورية اليَمَنْ الديمُقراطية الشَعْبِيّة
Jumhūrīyat Al-Yaman Ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah Ash-Sha'bīyah

 

 

1967–1990
Flag Coat of arms
Sooth Yemen in 1990.
Caipital Aden
Leid(s) Arabic
Government Single-pairty socialist state
General Secretary
 − 1978–1980 Abdul Fattah Ismail
 − 1980–1986 Ali Nasir Muhammad
 − 1986–1990 Ali Salim al-Beidh
Preses
 − 1967–1969 Qahtan al-Shaabi (first)
 − 1986–1990 Haidar al-Attas (last)
Prime Meenister
 − 1969 Faysal al-Shaabi
 − 1969–1971 Muhammad Ali Haitham
 − 1971–1985 Ali Nasir Muhammad
 − 1985–1986 Haidar al-Attas
 − 1986–1990 Yasin Said Numan
Legislatur Supreme Fowkcooncil
Historical era Cauld War
 - Unthirldom declared 30 November 1967
 - UN membership 14 December 1967
 - Constitution adopted 31 October 1978
 - Unification 22 Mey 1990
Aurie
 − 1990 360,133 km2 (139,048 sq mi)
Population
 − 1990 est. 2,585,484 
     Density 7.2 /km2  (18.6 /sq mi)
Siller Sooth Yemeni dinar
Cawin code +969
ISO 3166-1=YD, ISO 3166-3=YDYE

The Fowkdemocratic Republic o Yemen — referred tae as Democratic Yemen, Sooth Yemen, Sooth Arabie, or Yemen (Aden) an aw — wis a socialist republic in the present-day soothren an eastren Provinces o Yemen. It unitit wi the Yemen Arab Republic, commonly kent as North Yemen, on Mey 22, 1990 tae form the current Republic o Yemen.

Unification[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Yemeni unification

Unlike East Germany an Wast Germany or North Korea an Sooth Korea, the northren Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) an the PDRY remained relatively friendly, though relations wur aften strained. In 1972 it wis declared unification woud eventually occur.

Housomeivver, these plans wur put on hauld in 1979, an war wis ae preventit bi an Arab League intervention. The goal o unity wis reaffirmed bi the northren an soothren heids o state durin a summit meetin in Kuwait in Mairch 1979.

In 1980, PDRY preses Abdul Fattah Ismail resigned an went intae exile. His successor, Ali Nasir Muhammad, teuk a less interventionist stance toward baith North Yemen an neighbourin Oman. On Januar 13, 1986, a violent struggle began in Aden atween Ali Nasir's supporters an supporters o the returned Ismail, who wantit pouer back. Fechtin lastit for mair than a month an resultit in thoosans o casualties, Ali Nasir's ouster, an Ismail's daith. Some 60,000 fowk, includin the deposed Ali Nasir, fled tae the YAR. Ali Salim al-Beidh, an ally o Ismail who haed succeedit in escapin the attack on pro-Ismail members o the Politburo, then became General Secretary o the Yemeni Socialist Pairty.

In Mey 1988, the YAR an PDRY governments came tae an unnerstandin that considerably reduced tensions includin agreement tae renew discussions concernin unification, tae establish a joint oil exploration aurie alang their undefined border, tae demilitarize the border, an tae allae Yemenis unrestrictit border passage on the basis o anerlie a naitional identification card.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

There wis little industrial ootput, or mineral wealth exploitation, in Sooth Yemen, till the mid-1980s, follaein the discovery o significant petroleum reserves in the central regions near Shibam an Mukalla. The main sources o income wur agriculture, maistly fruit, cereal crops, cattle an sheep, fishing an later, oil exports.

The naitional budget wis 13.43 million dinars in 1976, an the gross naitional product wis USD $150 million. The total naitional debt wis $52.4 million.