Yemen Arab Republic

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Yemen Arab Republic
الجمهوريّة العربية اليمنية
al-Jumhūrīyah al-`Arabīyah al-Yamanīyah

1962–1990
Flag Coat o airms
Caipital Sana'a
Government Republic
Preses
 − 1962–1967 Abdullah as-Sallal
 − 1967–1974 Abdul Rahman al-Iryani
 − 1974–1977 Ibrahim al-Hamdi
 − 1977–1978 Ahmad al-Ghashmi
 − 1978 Abdul Karim al-Arashi
 − 1978–1990 Ali Abdullah Saleh
Prime Meenister
 − 1962–1963 Abdullah as-Sallal (first)
 − 1983–1990 Abdul Aziz Ghani (last)
Historical era Cauld War
 - Established 27 September 1962
 - Unification 22 Mey 1990
Aurie
 − 1990 195,000 km2 (75,290 sq mi)
Population
 − 1990 est. 7,160,981 
     Density 36.7 /km2  (95.1 /sq mi)
Siller North Yemeni Rial
Cawin code +967

The Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), (in Arabic: الجمهوريّة العربية اليمنية [al-Jamhūrīyah al-`Arabīyah al-Yamanīyah] ) an aa kent as North Yemen or Yemen (Sana'a), wis a kintra frae 1962 tae 1990 in the northren pairt o wha is nou Yemen.[1] Its caipital wis at Sana'a.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Follaein the collapse o the Ottoman Empire, northren Yemen became an independent state as the Mutawakkilite Kinrick o Yemen. On 27 September 1962, revolutionaries inspired bi the Arab naitionalist ideology o United Arab Republic (Egyptian) Preses Gamal Abdul Nasser deposed the newly-crouned Keeng Muhammad al-Badr, teuk control o Sana'a, an establisht the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR). This coup d'état markt the beginnin o the North Yemen Civil War that pittit YAR troops assistit bi the Unitit Arab Republic (Egyp) while Saudi Arabie an Jordan supportit Badr's ryalist forces opposin the newly formed republic. Conflict continued periodically till 1967 when Egyptian troops wur wi'drawn. Bi 1968, follaein a final ryalist siege o Sana'a, maist o the opposin leaders reached a reconciliation; Saudi Arabie recognized the Republic in 1970.

Unlike East an Wast Germany or North an Sooth Korea, the YAR an its soothren neighbour, the Fowkdemocratic Republic o Yemen (PDRY), an aa kent as Sooth Yemen, remained relatively friendly, though relations wur aften strained. In 1972 it wis declared unification wad eventually occur. Housomeivver, these plans wur put on hauld in 1979, an war wis anerlie preventit bi an Arab League intervention. The goal o unity wis reaffirmed bi the northren an soothren heids o state durin a summit meetin in Kuwait in Mairch 1979. Wha the PDRY government failed tae tell the YAR government wis that it wished tae be the dominant pouer in ony unification, an left wing rebels in North Yemen began tae receive extensive fundin an airms frae Sooth Yemen.

Reunification[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Yemeni unification

In May 1988, the YAR an PDRY governments came tae an unnerstandin that considerably reduced tensions includin agreement tae renew discussions concernin unification, tae establish a joint oil exploration aurie alang their undefined border, tae demilitarize the border, an tae allae Yemenis unrestrictit border passage on the basis o anerlie a naitional identification card.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Unitit States extendiy diplomatic recognition tae the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) on 19 December 1962, The Times, 20 December 1962.