North Yemen is a term currently uised tae designate the Yemen Arab Republic (1962–1990), its predecessor, the Mutawakkilite Kinrick o Yemen (1918–1962), an their predecessors that exercised sovereignty ower the territory that is nou the north-wastren pairt o the state o Yemen in soothren Arabie.
Neither state iver sel-designatit as "North Yemen" an the term anerlie came intae general uise when the Federation o Sooth Arabie gained unthirldom as the Fowkrepublic o Yemen in 1967 makkin such a destinction necessary. Prior tae 1967, baith states wur kent in short form simply as "Yemen." In 1970, Sooth Yemen chyngit its name tae the Fowkdemocratic Republic o Yemen thus eliminatin ony directional reference in either o the Yemens' offeecial names but the existence o twa Yemens preservit the North Yemen an Sooth Yemen designations in popular parlance. Alternate forms wur "Yemen (Sana'a)" for North Yemen an "Yemen (Aden)" for Sooth Yemen efter their respective caipital ceeties.
The merger o the twa Yemens in 1990 endit the term's association wi an independent state but "North Yemen" continues tae be uised tae refer tae the aurie o the umwhile Yemen Arab Republic an its history an, anachronistically, tae pre-1967 polities an events (e.g., the Mutawakkilite Kinrick o Yemen or the North Yemen Ceevil War).
Basic information[edit | edit source]
- Aurie: 195,000 km² (75,290 sq mi)
- Population (1990 estimate): 7,160,981
- Population density (1990 estimate): 36.7 /km² (95.1 /sq mi)
- Leid: Arabic
- Caipital: Sana'a
- Currency: North Yemeni rial
- Cawin code: +967
- ISO Country Codes: YE, YEM, 886
- Historical dates:
See an aw[edit | edit source]
- History o Yemen
- Yemen Arab Republic
- Mutawakkilite Kinrick o Yemen
- Sooth Yemen
- Yemeni unification