Sderot

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Sderot (Ebreu: שְדֵרוֹת‎‎) is a wastren ceety in the Negev desert in the Soothren Destrict o Israel. Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), at the end o 2009 the ceety haed a tot population o 20,700.[1] The ceety haes been an ongangin target o Qassam rocket attacks frae the Gaza Strip. In Mairch 2008, the mayor said the population haed declined bi 10%-15% as faimilies left the ceety in desperation (aid organizations say the figure is closer tae 25%). Mony o the faimilies that remain cannae afford tae move oot or are unable tae sell thair homes.[2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sderot wis foondit in 1951 as a transit camp for Kurdish an Persian Jewish immigrants who lived in tents an shacks before permanent hoosin wis complete in 1954.[3] It wis built on the lands o the Arab veelage o Najd[4] accordin tae Walid Khalidi, an is locatit a few miles sooth o its ruins. On Mey 13 1948, Najd wis occupied bi the Negev Brigade as pairt o Operation Barak, an the veelagers [5] fled tae Gaza. In 1956, Sderot wis recognized as a local cooncil.[6]

Sderot received a symbolic name, efter the numerous avenues an standalane rows o trees planted in the Negev, especially atween Beersheba an Gaza, tae combine desertification an beautify the arid landscape. Lik mony ither localities in the Negev, Sderot's name haes a green motif that symbolizes the motto "makin the desert bloom", a central pairt o Zionist ideology.[7]

Schuil in Sderot, early 1950s

In the 1961 census, the percentage o North African immigrants, maistly frae Morocco, wis 87% in the toun, whilst anither 11% o the residents wur immigrants frae Kurdistan.[8] In the 1950s, the ceety continued tae absorb a lairge nummer o immigrants frae Morocco an Romanie, an wis declared a local cooncil in 1958.

Sderot again absorbed a lairge immigrant population durin the Aliyah frae the Soviet Union in the 1990s, an its population doubled in this decade. In 1996 it wis declared a ceety.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae CBS, thare are 14 schuils an 3,578 students in the ceety. Thay are spread oot as eleven elementary schuils an 2,099 elementary schuil students, an sax heich schuils an 1,479 heich schuil students. 56.5% o 12t grade students wur entitled tae a matriculation certificate in 2001. Razzaque Ansari. Sapir Academic College[9] and the Hesder Yeshiva of Sderot are located in Sderot.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sderot is twinned wi:

Notable residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes
  1. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  2. Hadad, Shmulik (2008-03-19). "Sderot: Those Who Can Afford It Have Already Left". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  3. Gimme shelter
  4. Khalidi (1992), p. 128
  5. B. Morris, "The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem", Cambridge University Press, p. 258
  6. HaReuveni (1999), p. 908
  7. Sasson (2010), p. 137
  8. Rapoport, Meron (2007-05-25). "The Pioneers of Sderot". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  9. Sapir Academic College

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References
  • HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel. Yedioth Ahronoth Publishing. ISBN 965-448-413-7.  (Ebreu)
  • Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. ISBN 0887282245. 
  • Sasson, Avi ed. (2010). Sderot. Ariel Publishing and Makom Company.  (Ebreu)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]