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Ashdod (Ebreu: אַשְׁדּוֹד‎‎ Aboot this soond (audio) ; Arabic: اشدود‎, إسدود Isdud), is the fift-lairgest ceety in Israel, locatit in the Soothren Destrict o the kintra, on the Mediterranean coast, locatit 32 kilometres (20 mi) sooth o Tel Aviv an 20 kilometres (12 mi) north o Ashkelon an 53 kilometres (33 mi) wast o Jerusalem. Ashdod is an important regional industrial center. The Port o Ashdod is Israel's lairgest port accoontin for 60% o the kintra's importit guids.

The first documentit settlement in Ashdod dates tae the Canaanite cultur o 17t century BC,[1] makin the ceety ane o the auldest in the warld. Ashdod is mentioned 13 times in the Bible. Durin its history the ceety wis settled bi Philistines, Israelites, Byzantines, Crusaders an Arabs.[2]

Modren Ashdod wis establisht in 1956 on the sand hills near the site o the auncient toun, an incorporatit as a ceety in 1968, wi a land-aurie o approximately 60 square kilometers (23.2 sq mi). Being a planned ceety, expansion follaed a main development plan, which facilitatit traffic an preventit air pollution in the residential auries, despite population growth. Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics, Ashdod haed a population o 206,400 at the end o 2009, the saxt lairgest ceety in Israel,[3] an haed an aurie o (47.242 km2; 18.240 sq mi).[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. M. Dotan (1990). Ashdod - Seven levels of excavations (in Hebrew). Israel: Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, Ashdod branch. p. 91. ULI Sysno. 005093624. 
  2. O.Kolani; B.Raanan; M.Brosh; S.Pipano (1990). Events calendar in Israel and Ashdod (in Hebrew). Israel: Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, Ashdod branch. p. 79. ULI Sysno. 005093624. 
  3. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2009-12-31. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  4. "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Ashdod". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-04-14.  (Ebreu)