The Gaza Strip (Arabic: قطاع غزة Qiṭāʿ Ġazzah, IPA: [qɪˈtˤɑːʕ ˈɣazza]) is a territory on the eastren coast o the Mediterranean Sea that borders Egyp on the soothwast (11 km) an Israel on the east an north (51 km (32 mi)). It is 41 kilometres (25 mi) lang, an frae 6 to 12 kilometres (3.7 to 7.5 mi) wide, wi a tot aurie o 365 square kilometres (141 sq mi). The population o Gaza Strip is aboot 1.7 million fowk. The population is predominantly Sunni Muslim. Wi a yearly growth rate o aboot 3.2%, the Gaza Strip haes the 7t heichest population growth rate in the warld.
The Gaza Strip acquired its current northren an eastren boundaries at the cessation o fichtin in the 1948 war, confirmed bi the Israel-Egypt Armistice Agreement on 24 Februar 1949. Airticle V o the Agreement declared that the demarcation line wis nae tae be an internaitional border. The Gaza Strip continued tae be occupied bi Egyp. At first Gaza Strip wis offeecially admeenistered bi the Aw-Palestine Govrenment, established bi the Arab League in September 1948. Frae the dissolution o the Aw-Palestine Govrenment in 1959 til 1967, the Gaza Strip wis directly admeenistered bi an Egyptian militar govrenor. Israel captured the Gaza Strip frae Egyp in the Sax-Day War in 1967. Pursuant tae the Oslo Accords signed in 1993, the Palestinian Authority acame the admeenistrative body that govrened Palestinian population centers. Israel maintained control o the airspace, territorial watters an border crossins apairt frae the land border wi Egyp. Israel widrew frae Gaza in 2005. Syne Julie 2007, followin the 2006 Palestinian legislative election an followin the Hamas takeover in 2007, Hamas haes functioned as the de facto ruler in the Gaza Strip, fairmin an alternative Hamas Govrenment in Gaza.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Arie Arnon, Israeli Policy towards the Occupied Palestinian Territories: The Economic Dimension, 1967-2007. MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL, Volume 61, No. 4, AUTUMN 2007 (p. 575)
- Gaza Strip Entry at the CIA World Factbook
- Egypt Israel Armistice Agreement UN Doc S/1264/Corr.1 23 February 1949
- "Palestinian Territories". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- "Occupied Palestinian Territory". European Commission. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- "Israel, the occupied territories and the autonomous territories — ICRC maps". ICRC. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- "Country profile: Israel and Palestinian territories". London: BBC. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
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- Statistical Atlas of Palestine at the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
- Palestinian Territories at the United States Department of State.
- Gaza Strip at UCB Libraries GovPubs.
- Gaza Strip at the Open Directory Project
- Gaza.net, a directory of Palestinian-related websites.
- Map of Palestinian Refugee Camps 1993 (UNRWA / CIA / University of Texas, Austin).
- Ramattan Live Stream of Gaza City via UStream.
- GazaSiege.org - Background, News and Analysis on the siege of Gaza
- Hamas In Control of Gaza Strip
- New Palestinian Cabinet Sworn In
- PDF (72.0 bytes)
- Special: Gaza kidnapping Israeli News – Ynetnews English version of Yedioth Ahronoth
- War Enters the Classrooms: the consequences of the Mideast conflict for children of the Gaza Strip, by Inter Press Service (February 2007).
- Gaza Strip at Google Maps
- 1991 Map of the Gaza Strip, showing roads and Israeli towns.
- 1999 Map of the Gaza Strip (annotated photo).
- 2005 Map of the Gaza Strip (CIA / University of Texas, Austin).
- Life in the Gaza Strip at BBC News.