San Juan, Metro Manila
|City of San Juan|
|Nickname(s): Hert o Metro Manila
Hame o Philippine Preses
Tiangge Caipital o the Philippines
|Motto: Todo Asenso, San Juan!
("All Progress, San Juan!")
|Region||Naitional Caipital Region|
|Destricts||Lane Destrict o San Juan|
|Incorporatit||17 Juin 2007 (cityhood)|
|• Mayor||Guia G.Gómez (Partido Magdiwang-UNA)|
|• Vice Mayor||Francisco Javier M. Zamora (Partido Magdiwang-UNA)|
|• Representative||Ronaldo Zamora (Partido Magdiwang-UNA)|
|• Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Total||5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)|
|Elevation||17.0 m (55.8 ft)|
|• Density||20,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Zip code||1500 - 1504|
San Juan is ane o the ceeties that comprises the Naitional Caipital Region o the Philippines. It is the smawest ceety in the region an the kintra in terms o land aurie. The ceety is kent for bein the steid o the first battle o the Katipunan (the Filipino Revolutionar organisation) against troops o the Spainyie Empire in 1897.
Table o contents
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geografie
- 3 History
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Places o interest
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Eddication
- 8 Cultur
- 9 Sister ceeties
- 10 References
- 11 Freemit airtins
Etymology[edit | edit source]
"San Juan City" is a contraction o the ceety's langer, ceremonial name o San Juan del Monte (Scots: "Saunt John o the Muntain"). As wi numerous ither places in the Philippines, the ceety is christened efter John the Baptist, the ceety's patron saunt, an the hilly terrain it is situatit on.
Geografie[edit | edit source]
The territory o San Juan wis ance hintle lairger than it is presently, stretchin aw the wey tae Caloocan. Pairts o wha are nou Destricts 1, 2 an 4 o Quezon Ceety as well as pairts o Mandaluyong wur oreeginally athin San Juan's territorial boondars. This explains why San Juan Reservoir is in nearbi Horseshoe Veelage, a subdiveesion currently unner the jurisdiction o Quezon Ceety.
Barangays[edit | edit source]
San Juan is poleetically subdividit intae 21 barangays:
- Addition Hills
- Corazon De Jesus
- Halo-halo (St. Joseph)
- Little Baguio
- Pedro Cruz
- San Perfecto
- Santa Lucia
- West Crame
History[edit | edit source]
Durin the pre-Hispanic period, the aurie o wha is nou San Juan wis a pairt o the Kinrick o Namayan, whose last recordit rulers wur Keeng Lacantagean an his consort, Bouan. When the Spainyie first teuk ower the kinrick which they re-christened as Sta. Ana de Sapa, the veelage remained a pairt o it, re-classifee'd as a barrio an later becomin a smaw encomienda bi 1590. In 1602, the Dominican friars built a retreat hoose for their immediate uise, whaur agin or convalescin friars stayed. Later, the Dominicans constructit a convent an a stane kirk dedicatit tae the Holy Cross. Tae this day, the thrice-rebuilt Santuario del Santo Cristo staunds on the same steid, adjacent tae the Aquinas School an the Dominican College.
In 1783, San Juan became unthilt o Santa Ana but it wis still then a barrio athin the Province o Manila. The openin salvo of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, began in San Juan in 1897 wi a attack bi the Katipunan on the alamacen (armoury) or polvorín (gunpouder magazine) o the Spainyie East Indies govrenment. The toun wis later incorporatit intae the Province o Rizal in 1901 during the American Occupation.
On 7 November 1975, Preses Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree № 824 that established the Naitional Caipital Region. San Juan wis amang the touns that wur excisit frae Rizal Province. Voters in San Juan ratifeed the conversion o the municipality intae a heichlie urbanisit ceety on 16 Juin 2008, pursuant tae Republic Act No. 9388 ("An Act Converting the Municipality of San Juan into a Highly Urbanized City to be known as the City of San Juan"). Then Congressman Ronaldo B. Zamora sponsored the Cityhood Bill in the Hoose o Representatives an wirkit for its appruival.
Presidential tees[edit | edit source]
Awtho no officially designatit as such, San Juan is notit tae be the "Town of Philippine Presidents." Fower preses syne the Third Republic wur offeecial residents o San Juan when they assumit office. They wur the Macapagal père et fille, Diosdado Sr. (1961–1965) and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (2001–2010); Ferdinand Marcos (1965–1986); an Joseph Estrada (1998–2001), who servit as Mayor when San Juan wis still a municipality an aw.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
|Population census o San Juan|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Places o interest[edit | edit source]
Amang the mony interestin places in San Juan are the Pinaglabanan Shrine, which marks the 1897 battle o the Philippine Revolution, an the Greenhills Shopping Center, a popular bargain maw for consumer electronics, clothin an ither merchandise.
The ceety haes several notable places o wirship an aw. Saunt John the Baptist Pairish, mair commonly kent as "Pinaglabanan Kirk", is whaur the ceety's patron saunt, John the Baptist, is enshrined. The Santuario del Cristo Kirk is the dounset's auldest existin kirk, while Mary the Queen Pairish in West Greenhills serves the local Filipino-Chinese commonty, an is a popular venue for weddins.
Frae 1925-1971, the Iglesia ni Cristo ance heidquairtered in the toun at its umwhile Central Office Complex, nou kent as the Locale of F. Manalo. It featurs Art-Deco designed ensembles, crafted by Naitional Airtist for Airchitectur Juan Nakpil. The Chapel is the centerpiece o the Complex, which conteens the auld Central Office an Pastoral Hoose an aw which wis the hame o the kirk's first Executive Meenister, Ka Felix Manalo, alang wi ither Meenisters an Evangelical Wirkers. When Manalo dee'd in 1963, a Mausoleum wis constructit on the grunds o the Complex bi Airchitect Carlos Santos-Viola.
Transportation[edit | edit source]
Radial Road 6 (R-6) passes throu San Juan as Aurora Boulevard, as does the C-3 (Araneta Avenue). Less major routes include Nicanor Domingo (mair kent as N. Domingo), which heads towards Cubao in Quezon Ceety, an Pinaglabanan/Santolan, which leads towards Ortigas Avenue an eventually Quezon Ceety.
Numerous jeepney routes operate throuoot the ceety, heidin towards Cubao, Divisoria, Crame (via Santolan), Taytay an ither destinations. A bus route frae Quiapo heidin towards Cainta an Taytay passes throu San Juan.
Eddication[edit | edit source]
Here is a leet o some notable scholastic institutions in the ceety that cater tae primar, seicontar, an tertiar levels o education.
State-run[edit | edit source]
Primar[edit | edit source]
- Kabayanan Elementary School
- Nicanor Ibuna Elementary School
- Pedro Cruz Elementary School
- Pinaglabanan Elementary School
- Salapan Elementary School
- San Perfecto Elementary School
- San Juan Elementary School
- Sta. Lucia Elementary School
Heicher learnin[edit | edit source]
- San Juan National High School — Established in 1969 unner Mayor Joseph Estrada. It is the sole public heich schuil in the ceety.
- Polytechnic University of the Philippines, San Juan Campus —The ceety's anerly commonty college
Private[edit | edit source]
- Academia Del Señor Nazareno
- Aquinas School - a Catholic schuil established bi the Dominicans
- Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication - a schuil for graduate studies in Communication Management an Jurnalism
- Community of Learners
- Dominican College - a Catholic, private, heich staundart an an aw-girls schuil established bi the Dominicans an run bi Dominican Sisters in which students are taucht tae follae the ideals o St. Dominic
- Fountain International School
- God's Little Wonders Learning Center
- Immaculate Conception Academy-Greenhills (ICAgh) - a private, aw-girls Catholic schuil for Chinese Filipinos
- Kids World Integrated School - an inclusive eddicational institution
- Montessori De San Juan
- OB Montessori Center
- Philippine Chen Kuang High School - a private schuil wi a bilingual (Inglis an Cheenese) curriculum
- St. John's Academy - an affordable private schuil, affers quality eddication (Primar, Elementar, Seicontar)
- St. John the Baptist Catholic School - umwhile cried Holy Child Parochial School, it is adjacent tae Pinaglabanan Church
- Tabernacle of Faith Christian Academy (TFCA) - a private Christian schuil locatit in Barangay Salapan
- Xavier School - an aw-boys schuil run bi the Jesuits for Chinese Filipinos
Cultur[edit | edit source]
Gien their ceety's role in the 1896 Revolution, San Juaneños are kent for their fierce patriotism an localism. They for the maist pairt chuise tae stay athin ceety limits for wirk, eddication, an residence. Popular perception is that locals prefer tae introduce new businesses an franchises tae San Juan insteid o patronisin similar establishments locatit juist ootside the ceety boondars. An effect o this is that San Juan is kent for its increasin nummer o smaw- tae middlin-sized restaurants that are aften unthirldom o lairger, mair established chains. These restaurants vary in their afferins, rangin frae nan-mainstream internaitional cuisine tae vegetarian fuid, as well as several cake shops an dessert cafés.
Saunt John's Day[edit | edit source]
San Juan is renouned for its celebration o the Nativity o St. John the Baptist ivery 24 Juin. In a nod tae the saunt's characteristic act, San Juaneños engage in Basaan ("wettin"), whaur revellers splash fowk wi watter. Devotees an residents believe that gettin wet durin the Basaan brings blessins, an that it is antisocial tae be irate when doused. Pedestrians an vehicles wi open windaes are favourite targets, an in recent years an ordinance curtailin the Basaan at nuin wis enactit efter complaints frae nan-residents an commuters.
Basaan is similar in form tae the merrymakkin durin Songkran an Holi. The custom is practisit in ither Filipino touns that honour John the Baptist as patron an aw, such as San Juan, Batangas, an Calumpit, Bulacan. The festival wis offeecially namit Wattah-Wattah Festival (a corruption o "water-water") bi umwhile Mayor (nou Senator) JV Ejército.
Ceety Haw[edit | edit source]
The auld ceety haw o San Juan is locatit at Nicanor Domingo corner Antonio Luna streets. It is preservit for historical purposes, an staunds in front the San Juan Hospital. The new ceety haw is locatit at Pinaglabanan corner Doctor P.A. Narciso streets, frontin the Pinaglabanan Shrine an near Saunt John the Baptist Pairish. It began operation in Februar 2013.
"San Juan Hymn"[edit | edit source]
|Awit ng San Juan||Literal English translation|
Sa dilím ng gabi nitong Bayang Hinirang
In the dark of this Chosen Nation's night
Sister ceeties[edit | edit source]
- Davao Ceety
- San Juan, Puerto Rico
- Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
- Santa Barbara, Californie, Unitit States
References[edit | edit source]
- Date of changing San Juan from a municipality to a city.
- Councilors of San Juan, Metro Manila.
- "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- "List of Cities". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Republic Act No. 9388 - Charter of the City of San Juan
- The old city hall of San Juan.
- The new city hall of San Juan.
- Translation note: "Bayan" in Tagalog originally meant only "town" but may also mean "nation", "city", or "people". "Bansà" is the proper translation for "country".
- Both "pag-ibig" and "mahál" translate to love; the former implies continued action and is more poetic (thus "devotion") while the latter carries the notion of "highly valuing" the subject (from a possible Sanskrit root, māha, "great").
- sunstar.com.ph, Davao, San Juan cities ink sisterhood pact
Freemit airtins[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae San Juan City.|