Puerto Williams

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Puerto Williams
Toun
View o Puerto Williams wi Dientes de Navarino muntains ahint
Puerto Williams is located in Chile
Puerto Williams
Puerto Williams
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 54°56′S 67°37′W / 54.933°S 67.617°W / -54.933; -67.617
Kintra Chile
Region Magallanes
Province Antártica Chilena
Foondit as Puerto Luisa
Foondit 21 November 1953
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Hugo Henriquez Matus
Population (2002)
 • Total 2,262
Time zone CLT [1] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [2] (UTC-3)

Puerto Williams (Spainyie for "Port Williams") is a Chilean port, locatit on Isla Navarino facin the Beagle Channel. It is the caipital o the Chilean Antarctic Province, ane o fower provinces locatit in the Magallanes an Antártica Chilena Region an admeenisters the communes o Chilean Antarctic Territory an Cabo de Hornos. It haes a population o 2,874, includin baith naval personnel an civilians. Puerto Williams is in some contexts referred tae as the warld's soothmaist ceety.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

The dounset wis namit efter John Williams Wilson, who foondit Fuerte Bulnes, the first dounset in the Strait o Magellan syne 1587. Puerto Luisa wis its oreeginal name. Syne its foondation in 1953 the dounset haes servit primarily as a naval base. But recently navy personnel livin in Puerto Williams hae decreased while civil population haes increased. In recent years tourism haes contributit tae an increase in economic activity at Puerto Williams. Universidad de Magallanes haes a university centre in Puerto Williams.

Puerto Williams is port o entry an major hub for scientific activity linkit tae Antarcticae an the islands sooth o Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. The Universidad de Magallanes haes a university centre in Puerto Williams an wather stations an lichthooses in Cape Horn an Diego Ramírez Islands are suppleed frae Puerto Williams. Puerto Williams haes been instrumental for assertin sovereignty aroond Cape Horn an supportin Chile's Antarctic bases. The port is frequently visitit bi tourists goin tae Cape Horn or Antarctica an aw an haes a tourism industrie developit aroond the concept o "the warld's maist soothren ceety". The Chilean Navy runs the Guardiamarina Zañartu Airport an hospital as well as nearbi meteorological stations. Puerto Williams serves as proveesion an service centre for fishermen an aw an haes an is uised bi the Chilean navy an aw tae enforce the Chile's fishin richts in the Exclusive economic zone aroond the soothren pairt o Tierra del Fuego whaur lucrative lithodes santolla fishin is an important industrie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Yahgan fowk wur the first inhabitants o the region that became kent tae Europeans in the early sixteenth century, but it wis no till the 19t century that Europeans stairtit tae be interestit in the zone an its fowks. In 1890 there were approximately 300 goldminers in the Picton, Lennox an Nueva islands an Puerto Toro which wis foondit in 1892.[11] Puerto Navarino, on the wast side o the Navarino island, wis foondit in Juin 1938. Puerto Williams itsel wis foondit 1953 an its naval hospital wis inauguratit in 1960 wi 463 m2 (the day 638 m2).[12] In 2002 the electrical pouer supply wis transferred frae the Chilean Navy tae a private provide.[13]

Accordin tae the Treaty o Peace an Friendship o 1984 atween Chile an Argentinae Puerto Williams is the stairt point for vessels o aw naitions in traffec atween the Straits o Magellan an Argentine ports in the Beagle Channel.

Demografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Based on some definitions o wha a ceety is Puerto Williams coud be the soothmaist ceety in the warld. Chilean media an Puerto Williams admeenistration report it tae be the soothmaist ceety in the warld.[5][6][7][8] Atween 1982 an 2002 the population o Puerto Williams grew frae 1,059 tae 2,874.[14] Puerto Williams, syne 1982, is considered an urban entity bi Chile's Naitional Statistics Institute (INE),[14] awtho the depairtment itsel classifees a ceety tae be an urban entity wi mair than 5,000 residents[15][16]

Demographic evolution of Puerto Williams[17]
Year population
2002 1,952
1992 1,550
1982 1,047
1970 696
1960 302

Local celebrations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Glorias Navales Regata: In the last week o Mey, thare is a sailin competition wi sailors frae aw pairts o the warld. The competition is on its 7t session an haes mair than 300 pairticipants ivery year. The journey stairts frae the ceety's port an take the fjords route. The regatta is pairt o the Chilean Navy's Month o the Sea activities that conmemorates the Naval battle o Iquique in 1879.
Fiesta de la nieve: Celebratin the winter saison on Julie, the ceety celebrates the winter wi snaw gemmes, caurs an rodeos, in a celebration that last 6 days.[18]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

See also: Climate o Chile

The climate o Puerto Williams is a subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc) accordin tae the Köppen climate classification. The simmers are short, ceul while the winters lang, wet, but yet moderatit. Rainfaw is aroond 3,000 mm (118 in) a year an temperaturs are steady throuoot the year. Snawfaw can occur in simmer. The cauld an wet simmers help preserve glaciers. Exposed auries aroond Puerto Williams possess subantarctic climate teepical o tundra that maks the growthe o trees impossible. Regions in the warld wi similar climates tae soothren Tierra del Fuego are: Aleutian islands, Iceland, Alaska Peninsulae an Faroe Islands.

Climate data for Puerto Williams (1977-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
14.5
(58.1)
12.7
(54.9)
10.1
(50.2)
7.2
(45.0)
5.2
(41.4)
3.9
(39.0)
5.8
(42.4)
8.5
(47.3)
9.6
(49.3)
12.3
(54.1)
14.5
(58.1)
10
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
10.0
(50.0)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
3.9
(39.0)
2.6
(36.7)
1.3
(34.3)
3.1
(37.6)
4.6
(40.3)
5.9
(42.6)
7.9
(46.2)
9.8
(49.6)
6.3
(43.3)
Average laich °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
5.6
(42.1)
4.9
(40.8)
3.2
(37.8)
0.6
(33.1)
0
(32)
−1.3
(29.7)
0.4
(32.7)
0.6
(33.1)
2.1
(35.8)
3.5
(38.3)
5.1
(41.2)
2.6
(36.7)
Source: geodata.us[19]

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tourism is ane o the main economic activities o Puerto Williams. Maist lodgins for tourists are hostels. Thare are several trails for multi-day hikes an back-packin trips in the Dientes de Navarino muntains sooth o Puerto Williams. Remains o Indie campsteids an fishtraps can be foond alang the coast east o the ceety. Puerto Williams is hame tae the Martin Gusinde Anthropological Museum, which depicts the lives o baith the Yamana or Yahgan an Selknam fowks who ance inhabitit Tierra del Fuego. For easy sploration o some o the subantarctic forest, the Omora Ethnobotanical Park is five kilometres doun the road tae the wast.

Beagle Channel seen from above Puerto Williams.

Thare is a five day hiking circuit aroond the jaggit pinnacles kent as the Dientes de Navarino. The trail passes peaks kent as Cerro Clem an Montes Lindenmayer, namit in 2001 bi the Chilean Meenistry o Natural Resources for the author o the Lonely Planet guide.[20]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Access is bi daily air service providit bi Aerovías DAP or bi weekly ro-ro ferry 'Bahía Azul' frae Punta Arenas, 350 kilometres (220 mi) tae the north. Thare is nae regular link wi Argentinae an connection tae Ushuaia is restrictit.[21]

Naval base[eedit | eedit soorce]

The bow section o the Yelcho

Puerto Williams is ane o the principal naval bases o the Chilean Navy. The base is uised as stairt point for patrol, reconnaissance missions an rescues in the auries o Beagle Channel, Cape Horn, Drake's Passage an the Antarctic Peninsulae. The Chilean Navy operates Guardia Marina Zañartu Airport an the Naval Hospital of Puerto Williams in Puerto Williams. Navy personnel maks up a considerable portion o the population awtho the navy personnel population haes diminished in recent years. The follaein patrol boats an ships are stationed at Puerto Williams:[22]

  • PSG Sibbald
  • PSG Isaza
  • LSG Hallef
  • LSG Alacalufe
  • PM Puerto Williams

The bow section o the Yelcho, the tug uised bi Ernest Shackleton tae rescue men strandit on Elephant Island can be seen at the front o the Naval heidquairters.[23]

Services an facilities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirk o Puerto Williams

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  2. "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  3. http://edant.clarin.com/diario/1998/06/30/e-04801d.htm
  4. Puerto Williams: ubicada entre Tierra del Fuego por el norte y el Cabo de Hornos por el sur , por lo tanto es la cuidad mas Austral del país y del mundo
  5. 5.0 5.1 http://www.infinito-sur.com/, retrieved 9 April 2012
  6. 6.0 6.1 Puerto Williams espera una gran temporada de centolla, retrieved 9 April 2012
  7. 7.0 7.1 Escritorio Estudiantes, retrieved 9 April 2012
  8. 8.0 8.1 dibam, retrieved 9 April 2012
  9. Times Online
  10. Website thisischile.cl Puerto Williams, the southernmost town in the world
  11. Gastón Droguett Valdivia, Historia de Puerto Williams, Capital de la Provincia Antártica Chilena, retrieved on 13 April 2012
  12. Historia Hospital Naval de Puerto Williams, retrieved on 13 April 2012
  13. Edelmag, 1897 La luz llega a Magallanes
  14. 14.0 14.1 EL POBLAMIENTO RURAL EN MAGALLANES DURANTE EL SIGLO XX. REALIDAD Y UTOPÍA. Mateo Martinic. Magallania, 2006.
  15. (Spainyie) National Statistics Institute (PDF): 10 http://www.ine.cl/canales/chile_estadistico/territorio/division_politico_administrativa/pdf/dpa2001.pdf |url= missing title (help), retrieved 12 March 2011  Unknown parameter |published= ignored (help)
  16. (Spainyie) "División Político Administrativa" (PDF). 2007. p. 351. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  17. Plan Regional de Desarrollo Urbano, XIIª Región de Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena - Memoria Explicativa
  18. Puerto Williams Article in Letsgochile.com
  19. "Puerto Williams Climate Data" (in eng). geodata.us. Retrieved June 17, 2011. 
  20. Lindenmayer, C.(2003) Trekking in the Patagonian Andes Lonely Planet ISBN 978-1-86450-059-2 p.257
  21. Fishing for social realities—Challenges to sustainable fisheries management in the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve
  22. Armada de Chile, Tercera Zona Naval: Unidades Dependientes.
  23. John F.Mann, The "Endurance obituaries, The S.S. Yelcho, retrieved on 15 April 2012

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]