Nicotera

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Nicotera
Comune
Comune di Nicotera
Nicotera is located in Italy
Nicotera
Nicotera
Location o Nicotera in Italy
Coordinates: 38°33′N 15°56′E / 38.550°N 15.933°E / 38.550; 15.933
Kintra Italy
Region Calabrie
Province Vibo Valentia (VV)
Frazioni Comèrconi, Marina, Preìtoni, Badia di Nicotera
Government
 • Mayor Francesco Pagano
Area
 • Total 32 km2 (12 sq mi)
Elevation 220 m (720 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 6,487
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Demonym Nicoteresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 89844
Diallin code 0963
Patron saunt Saunt Joseph; Assumption o Mary
Saunt day 21 March; 15 August
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Nicotera (Greek: Nikoptera, Medma) is a comune (municipality) in the province o Vibo Valentia, Calabrie, soothren Italy.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nicòtera oreegins lee wi the auncient Greek ceety o Medma which wis foondit bi the Locresis o Locri Epizephyris.

Durin the period o Roman domination it pairtially survivit anerly throu the emporium (port), near the day’s Nicotera Marina. A Christian bishopric see is attestit in Nicotera durin the Middle Ages.[1]

View o the upper toun wi the castle on the left.

In 1065 Robert Guiscard conquered it frae the Byzantine Empire, an the toun grew aroond the castle an the cathedral built unner the Normans.

Unner Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II Nicotera attained economic walth. Tae encourage commerce an industry, Frederick promotit Jewish dounset in the aurie cried "Giudecca", in which Jews o this ghetto inhabitit the aurie near the castle, enjoy protection frae Christian persecution bi the Bishop o Nicotera.

In the 15t century, unner the rule o Alfonso o Aragon, it passed unner the yoke o feudalism an it decayed. In 1806 the French Revolution swept awa the feudal seestem in Nicotera. Efter the restoration o Ferdinand I o the Twa Sicilies, Nicotera continued tae be chief toun o the destrict, wi wha are nou the modren communes o Joppolo an Limbadi as its dependencies.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Nicotera at Wikimedie Commons