Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, born Ali Rıza oğlu Mustafa (19 Mey 1881 (adoptit) – 10 November, 1938) wis an airmy officer, revolutionary statesman, the foonder o the Republic o Turkey an its first President.
Mustafa Kemal wis born in the Ottoman ceety o Salonika (Turkis: Selânik, modren-day Thessaloniki, Greece) tae Ali Rıza Efendi an Zübeyde Hanım. Mustafa Kemal’s precise birth date isna kent. The Ottoman Empire uised twa calendars: the Hijri calendar an the Rumî calendar. His birth date wis recordit as 1296 athoot designatin whither this is based on the Rumî or Hijri calendar. This date owerlaps dates extendin frae 1880 tae 1881 on the Gregorian calendar. Mustafa Kemal merkit his mither said he wis born in voar, while his sister, Makbule Atadan, statit their mither said he wis born on a stormy winter nicht. Ataturk acceptit Mey 19, the date that the Turkish War of Independence began on, as his birth day an month in response tae a gestur bi historian Reşit Saffet Atabinen.
- "Doğum Yılı ve Doğum Günü" (in Turkish). Retrieved 2007-11-10.