Mondulkiri Province

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Mondulkiri
មណ្ឌលគិរី
Province
Tourists at Bou Sra Watterfaw.
Map o Cambodie heichlichtin Mondulkiri
Coordinates: 12°27′N 107°14′E / 12.450°N 107.233°E / 12.450; 107.233
Kintra  Cambodie
Caipital Sen Monorom
Area
 • Total 14,288 km2 (5,517 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 60,811
 • Density 4.3/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialin code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-11
Destricts 5
Communes 21
Veelages 98

Mondulkiri (Khmer: មណ្ឌលគិរី, IPA: [mɔn ˌdɔːl ki ˈriː] literally: "Muntain o the Mandala.") is a province (khaet) o Cambodie. Bordering the provinces o Kratie tae the wast, Stung Treng tae the northwast, Ratanakiri tae the north an the kintra o Vietnam tae the east an sooth, it is the maist spairsely populatit province in the kintra despite being the lairgest in land aurie. The caipital is the toun o Senmonorom.

Geografie an environment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dense forests of Mondulkiri Province.

Mondulkiri is kent for its forestit hills an pouerful watterfaws. Some watterfaws include:

  • Bou Sra Watterfaw. Locatit at Pich Chinda Destrict, 43 kilometers frae Senmonorom toun, Bou Sra is the lairgest watterfaw, made famous bi a popular Khmer sang in Mondulkiri.
  • Senmonorom Watterfaw. Five kilometers frae toun an an easy walk, Senmonorom watterfaw is no hintle tae leuk at an uised tae be a nice picnic spot till the construction o a Japanese built hydro electric pouer station that cut the flow o watter.
  • Romnea Watterfaw. Ten kilometers frae Senmonorom, Romnea watterfaw is actually 1 o 3 lairge watterfaws that haes nou been deforestit an privatisit.

Mondulkiri faces a significant threat frae illegal loggers attemptin tae exploit the aurie's virgin forests.[2]

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The province is subdividit intae 5 destricts, which are further subdivided into 21 communes and 98 villages.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aichty percent o Mondulkiri's population is made up o ten tribal minorities, wi the majority o them being Pnong. The remainin 20 percent are Khmer, Cheenese, an Muslims Cham.

Economy an transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population lives aff the land, plantin rice, fruit trees, an a variety o vegetables. Ithers grow strawberries, coffee, rubber, an cashew nuts.

Road development continues tae impact seriously on indigenous commonties like the Pnong ethnic group. Accordin tae a Unitit Naitions paper, the construction o a road frae Mondulkiri tae Ratanakiri haes resultit in massive land grabbin.[3]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Although mair an mair hooses are built in 'Khmer style', traditional Phnong hooses can still be foond. Pnong hooses contain lairge jars (which are said tae be mair than a thoosan years auld) an traditional gongs. Thare are various gongs uised at different occasions. Jars an gongs are amang the maist valuable possessions o indigenous commonties baith in traditional an spiritual as well as material terms. Durin the times o Pol Pot those objects wur buriet in hidden places in the jungle an in mony cases they still wait in the grund.

Location[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. Illegal Logging in Mondulkiri – a Test Case for Forest Sector Law Enforcement, Global Witness.
  3. Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Economic and Social Council, United Nations.

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