Medan (Indonesian: Kota Medan; pronoonced [meˈdan]) is the caipital o the North Sumatra province in Indonesie. Locatit on the northren coast, Medan is the fowert lairgest ceety in Indonesie (ahint Jakarta, Surabaya, an Bandung), an the lairgest Indonesian ceety ootside Java. The ceety is bordered bi the Deli Serdang Regency tae the east, sooth an wast, an the Strait o Malacca tae the north. It is close tae the volcano Sinabung, which eruptit in August 2010 efter a 400 year dormant state.
Medan stairtit as a veelage cried Kampung Medan (Medan Veelage). Kampung Medan wis foondit bi Guru Patimpus aroond the 1590s. Acause Kampung Medan sits on Tanah Deli (Land o Deli), Kampung Medan is an aa referred as Medan-Deli. The oreeginal location o Kampung Medan is an aurie where the Deli River meets the Babura River.
Based on the diary o the Portuguese merchant in early 16t century, it statit that the name o Medan wis actually derived frae Medina which is actually a holy ceety in the wastren pairt o Saudi Arabie. Housomeivver, ither sources indicatit that the name o Medan actually came frae Indian Hindi leid wird "Maidan" meanin "grund" or "land" (like in Pragati Maidan in Delhi). Ane o the Karo-Indonesia dictionary written bi Darwin Prinst SH published in 2002 wrote that Medan coud an aa be defined as "recover" or "be better".
The first inhabitants o Medan came frae the Malay frae the Malay Peninsular. It wis no till the Sultan o Aceh, Sultan Iskandar Muda, sent his warlord, Gocah Pahlawan Laksamana Khoja Bintan, tae be the Sultanate o Aceh's representative in Tanah Deli, that the Sultanate o Deli stairtit tae grow. This growth stimulatit growth in baith the population an cultur o Medan. In the seicont year reign o Sultan Deli (atween 1669–1698), there wis a cavalry battle in Medan.
Medan did no experience significant development till the 1860s, when the Dutch colonialists began clearin the land for tobacco plantations. Medan quickly became a center o govrenment an commercial activity, dominatin development o Indonesie's wastren region.
The Dutch govrened Tanah Deli frae 1658, efter Sultan Ismail, ruler o the Kinrick o Siak Sri Indrapura, yieldit some o his ance-ruled land, Deli, Langkat, an Serdang. In 1915 Medan offeecially became the caipital o North Sumatra Province, an offeecially a ceety in 1918.
- Main airticle: Leet o twin touns an sister ceeties in Indonesie