Jakobstad

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Jakobstad
JakobstadPietarsaari
Town
Staden Jakobstad
Pietarsaaren kaupunki
The auld Toun Haw

Coat of arms
Location o Jakobstad in Finland
Coordinates: 63°40′N 022°42′E / 63.667°N 22.700°E / 63.667; 22.700Coordinates: 63°40′N 022°42′E / 63.667°N 22.700°E / 63.667; 22.700
Kintra Finland
Region Ostrobothnie
Sub-region Jakobstad sub-region
Charter 1652
Government
 • Ceety manager Mikael Jakobsson
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 396.25 km2 (152.99 sq mi)
 • Land 88.31 km2 (34.10 sq mi)
 • Water 307.94 km2 (118.90 sq mi)
Area rank 252nt lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Total 19,637
 • Rank 58t lairgest in Finland
 • Density 0/km2 (0/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Swadish 56.4% (official)
 • Finnish 40.2% (official)
 • Ithers 3.4%
Population bi age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 17.4%
 • 15 tae 64 62.7%
 • 65 or older 19.9%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 20.25%
Website www.jakobstad.fi

Jakobstad (Finnish: Pietarsaari‎) is a toun an municipality in Ostrobothnie, Finland. The toun haes a population o 19,637 (31 August 2013)[2] an covers a laund aurie o 88.31 square kilometres (34.10 sq mi).[1] The population densitie is [convert: invalid number].

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun wis foondit in 1652 bi Ebba Brahe, the widae o the militar commander Jacob De la Gardie, an wis grantit ceety privileges bi Queen Christina o Swaden. The Swadish name literally means Jacob's Ceety or Jacob's Toun. The toun wis foondit at the auld harbour o the parish Pedersöre an this name lives on in the Finnish name o the municipality, Pietarsaari, literally Peter's Island. Pedersöre remains an unthirlt municipality neebourin Jakobstad.

The ceety grew slowly at first, wi the authorities scarcely promotin ony growt. In 1680 the inhabitants wur ordered tae relocate tae the ceeties o Karleby (Kokkola), Uleåborg (Oulu) an Nykarleby, but the order wis rescindit. Wars contributit tae the slow growt an aw, an the ceety wis invadit bi Roushie troops twice durin the Greater Wrath, an lairge pairts o the toun wur burnt tae the grund. A majority o the inhabitants fled the ceety. While those wi means muived athort the sea tae the Swadish side, ithers teuk shelter in the forest or in the airchipelago. Mony wur captured or killed. Durin the 1720s, some o the previous inhabitants returned, while newcomers addit tae the population an aw. The subsequent decades wur feenally markit bi a period o growt, an the current kirk wis built in 1731.

The economic foondation wis laid in the mid 18t century, wi tar manufacturin an tobacco packagin at its centre. Trade started tae develop rapidly in Jakobstad as of 1765, when the ceeties alang the Finnish shore o the Guwf o Bothnie wur grantit privileges bi the Swadish croun tae trade directly wi foreign kintras. This led tae shipbiggin becomin a major activity in Jakobstad an aw. The first ships tae sail wi guids tae foreign kintras wur the galeas Jacobstads Wapen an the brig Enigheten. Trade an shipbiggin made Jakobstad a walthy ceety, an a notable businessman o that time wis the merchant an shipbuilder Adolf Lindskog, who became ane o the richest men in Finland an aw.

The "Strengberg" tobacco factory in Jakobstad

The early 19t century wis a time o upheaval, which saw the 1808–1809 war atween Sweden an Roushie, as well as a devastatin fire in 1835 that destroyed approximately hauf o the ceety. Despite this, the economic progress continued, an a brewery, a matchstick factory an several banks wur foondit efter 1850. In 1859, the merchant an shipawner Peter Malm stairtit a steam pouered sawmill, which wis anerlie the seicont such installation in Finland. The Crimean War wis a major setback tae shippin industry, as the Breetish navy puts up an effective blockade an the shippin fleet in Jakobstad is reducit frae 26 ships tae 9.

Notable businessmen in the 19t century wur Otto Malm an Wilhelm Schauman, the latter foondin a chicory (coffee substitute) factory in Jakobstad in 1883. This moment in time is uisually considered as the stairt o industrialisation in Jakobstad. In 1900, the Strengberg tobacco factory wis the lairgest employer in Jakobstad.

An airtillery schuil wis locatit in Jakobstad durin the Finnish ceevil war. Durin Warld War II, the ceety wis bombit ance bi Soviet bomber planes, causin a few casualties. Up till the 1960s, the toun wis owerwhelmingly Swadish speakin, but as a consequence o industrial expansion in the 1960s an 1970s, the need for additional wirk force caused a lairge influx o Finnish speakers. The toun remains bilingual wi 56% being Swedish an 40% Finnish speakers.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009. 
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009. 
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Jakobstad at Wikimedie Commons

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