Jackfruit

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Jackfruit
Artocarpus heterophyllus fruits at tree.jpg
Jackfruit tree wi fruit
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Artocarpeae
Genus: Artocarpus
Species: A. heterophyllus
Binomial name
Artocarpus heterophyllus
Lam.[1][2]
Synonyms[3][4][5]

The jackfruit (alternately jack tree, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak; Artocarpus heterophyllus),[6] is a species o tree in the Artocarpus genus o the mulberry faimily (Moraceae). It is native tae pairts o Sooth an Sootheast Asie, an is believed tae hae oreeginatit in the soothwastren rain forests o Indie, in present-day Kerala, coastal Karnataka an Maharashtra.[7] The jackfruit tree is well suitit tae tropical lawlands, an its fruit is the lairgest tree-borne fruit,[8] reachin as much as 80 pounds (36 kg) in wicht, 36 inches (90 cm) in length, an 20 inches (50 cm) in diameter.[9]

The jackfruit tree is widely cultivatit an popular fuid item in tropical regions o Indie, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Cambodie, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysie, Indonesie, an the Philippines. Jackfruit is an aa foond athort Africae (e.g., in Cameroon, Uganda, Tanzanie, an Mauritius), as well as throughoot Brazil an in Caribbean naitions such as Jamaica.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Under its accepted name Artocarpus heterophyllus (then as heterophylla) this species was described in Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique 3: 209. (1789) by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, from a specimen collected by botanist Philibert Commerson. Lamarck said of the fruit that it was coarse and difficult to digest. "Larmarck's original description of Artocarpus heterophylla". Retrieved November 23, 2012. "On mange la chair de son fruit, ainsi que les noyaux qu'il contient; mais c'est un aliment grossier et difficile à digérer." 
  2. "Name - !Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  3. "TPL, treatment of Artocarpus heterophyllus". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  4. "Name - Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. synonyms". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  5. GRIN (November 2, 2006). "Artocarpus heterophyllus information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  6. "Artocarpus heterophyllus". Tropical Biology Association. page last updated October 2006. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  7. Boning, Charles R. (2006). Florida's Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 107. 
  8. "Jackfruit, Breadfruit & Relatives". Know & Enjoy Tropical Fruit. 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  9. "JACKFRUIT Fruit Facts". California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc. 1996. Retrieved November 23, 2012.