Hordaland

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Hordaland fylke
Coonty

Coat of arms
Hordaland athin Norawa
Kintra Norawa
Coonty Hordaland
Region Vestlandet
Coonty ID NO-12
Offeecial leid form Nynorsk
Demonym Hordalending
Admeenistrative centre Bergen
Government
 • Govrenor Lars Sponheim
  Venstre
  (2010–present)
 • Coonty mayor Torill Selsvold Nyborg
  Kristelig Folkeparti
  (2003–present)
Area(#9 in Norawa, 4.78% o Norawa's land aurie)
 • Total 15,460 km2 (5,970 sq mi)
 • Land 14,551 km2 (5,618 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 504,600
 • Density 33/km2 (85/sq mi)
 • Chynge (10 years) 7.9 %
 • Rank in Norawa 3 (9.72% of country)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Income (per caipita) 148,300 NOK
GDP (per caipita) 263,056 NOK (2001)
Naitional Rank: 2 (7.55% o kintra)
Website www.hordaland.no
Data frae Statistics Norway
Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1769 63,757
1900 205,771 +222.7%
1950 308,164 +49.8%
1960 338,265 +9.8%
1970 369,430 +9.2%
1980 388,084 +5.0%
1990 407,427 +5.0%
2000 435,219 +6.8%
2010 477,175 +9.6%
2020? 531,785 +11.4%
2030? 584,196 +9.9%
Source: Statistics Norway[1][2].
Religion in Hordaland[1][2]
religion percent
Christianity
  
87.34%
Islam
  
0.77%
Buddhism
  
0.22%
Ither
  
11.67%

Aboot this soond Hordaland  is a coonty in Norawa, borderin Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Telemark an Rogaland. Hordaland is the third largest county efter Akershus an Oslo bi population. The coonty admeenistration is locatit in Bergen. Afore 1972, the ceety o Bergen wis its awn separate coonty apairt frae Hordaland.

Aboot the Coonty[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Hordaland[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hordaland (Auld Norse: Hǫrðaland) is the auld name o the region which wis revivit in modren times. The first element is the plural genitive case o hǫrðar, the name o an auld Germanic tribe (see Charudes). The last element is land which means "land" or "region".

Till 1919 the name o the coonty wis Søndre Bergenhus amt which meant "(the) soothren (pairt o) Bergenhus amt". (The auld Bergenhus amt wis creatit in 1662 an wis dividit in 1763.)

Coat o airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Coat o airms wur offeecially grantit on 1 December 1961. They were designed by Magnus Hardeland, but the general design haed been oreginally used in the Sunnhordland region durin the 14t century. In the early 20t century, leaders o the coonty began uisin the auld airms as a seembol for the coonty ance again. The airms are on a red backgrund an consist o twa gowden axes that are crossed wi a gowden croun abuin them.[3]

Flag[eedit | eedit soorce]

The flag o Hordaland

The flag o Hordaland shows twa gowden axes an a croun in red. The flag is a banner o the coat o airms derivit frae the auld seal o the guild of St. Olav from Onarheim in Tysnes municipality. This seal wis uised bi the delegates o Sunnhordland in 1344 on the document tae instaw keeng Haakon V o Norawa. It wis thus the auldest seembol uised for the region an adaptit as the airms an flag in 1961. The seembols refer tae the patron saunt o the guild, Saunt Olav, Keeng o Norawa, whose seembol is an axe.

The flag was officially granted on December 1, 1961.[4]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hordaland coonty haes been aroond for mair than ane thoosan years. Syne the 7t century, the aurie wis made up o mony petty kinricks unner the Gulating an wis kent as Hordafylke syne aroond the year 900. In the early 16t century, Norawa wis dividit intae fower len. The Bergenhus len wis heidquairtered in Bergen an encompassed hintle o wastren an northren Norawa.[5]

In 1662, the lens wur replacit bi amts. Bergenhus amt consistit o Hordaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sunnmøre, Troms an Nordland. In 1763, the amt wis dividit intae northren an soothren pairts: Nordre Bergenhus amt an Søndre Bergenhus amt. Søndre Bergenhus amt wis re-namit Hordaland fylke in 1919.[5]

The ceety o Bergen wis classifeed as a ceety-coonty (byamt) frae 1831-1972. Durin that time in 1915, the municipality o Årstad wis annexed intae Bergen. In 1972, the neebourin municipalities o Arna, Fana, Laksevåg an Åsane wur annexed intae the ceety o Bergen. At that same time an aw, the ceety o Bergen lost its coonty status, an became a pairt o Hordaland coonty.[5]

Govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

A coonty (fylke) is the chief local admeenistrative aurie in Norawa. The whole kintra is dividit intae 19 counties. A coonty is an election aurie an aw, wi popular votes takkin place ivery 4 years. In Hordaland, 57 members are electit tae form a coonty council (Fylkesting). Heading the Fylkesting is the coonty mayor (fylkesordførar). Syne 2003, the Hordaland coonty municipality haes been led bi Torill Selsvold Nyborg, the coonty mayor.

The coonty haes a Coonty Govrenor (fylkesmann) an aw who is the representative o the Keeng an Govrenment o Norawa. Lars Sponheim is the Coonty Govrenor o Hordaland.

The municipalities in Hordaland are dividit amang fower destrict courts (tingrett): Nordhordland, Sunnhordland, Bergen an Hardanger. Hordaland is pairt ofthe Gulating Court o Appeal destrict based in Bergen an aw.[5]

Hardanger is ane o Norawa's maist important sources o fruit an constitutes approximately 40% o the naitional fruit production, includin apple, plum, pear, wild cherry an redcurrant.

Maist o the municipalities in Hordaland are pairt o the Hordaland polis destrict. Gulen an Solund in Sogn og Fjordane coonty are pairt o the Hordaland polis destrict an aw. Bømlo, Etne, Fitjar, Stord an Sveio are a pairt o the "Haugaland an Sunnhordland" polis destrict, alang wi aicht ither municipalities in Rogaland coonty.[5]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Finse is the heichest point o the Norwegian Railway System, locatit at 1222m. abuin sea level.

Hordaland is semi-circular in shape. It is locatit on the wastren coast o Norawa, split frae soothwast tae northeast bi the lang, deep Hardangerfjorden, ane o Norway's main fjords an a great tourist attraction. Aboot hauf o the Naitional pairk o Hardangervidda is in this coonty. The coonty includes mony well-kent waterfaws o Norawa an aw, such as Vøringsfossen an Stykkjedalsfossen. It includes the Folgefonna an Hardangerjøkulen glaciers an aw.

Mair than 60% o the inhabitants live in Bergen an the surroondin aurie. Ither urban or semi-urban centres include Leirvik, Voss an Odda.

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1837, the coonties wur dividit intae local admeenistrative units each wi their awn govrenments. The number an borders o these municipalities hae chyngit ower time, an at present there are 33 municipalities in Hordaland.

Municipalities o Hordaland
Key Hordaland Municipalities.png
  1. Askøy
  2. Austevoll
  3. Austrheim
  4. Bergen
  5. Bømlo
  6. Eidfjord
  7. Etne
  8. Fedje
  9. Fitjar
  10. Fjell
  11. Fusa
  12. Granvin
  13. Jondal
  14. Kvam
  15. Kvinnherad
  16. Lindås
  17. Masfjorden
  1. Meland
  2. Modalen
  3. Odda
  4. Os
  5. Osterøy
  6. Øygarden
  7. Radøy
  8. Samnanger
  9. Stord
  10. Sund
  11. Sveio
  12. Tysnes
  13. Ullensvang
  14. Ulvik
  15. Vaksdal
  16. Voss

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map o Hordaland Destricts an Municipalities
  Nordhordland
  Midthordland
  Sunnhordland
  Hardanger
  Voss

Hordaland is conventionally dividit intae traditional destricts. The inland destricts are Hardanger an Voss an the coastal destricts are Sunnhordland, Midhordland an Nordhordland [sic]. Strilelandet is the name o a mair informal region commonly held tae encompass Midhordland an Nordhordland. Stril is a name the inhabitants o Bergen apply tae the fowk livin in the traditionally agricultural auries surroondin the ceety.

Sister regions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hordaland coonty haes the follaein offeecial sister regions:[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]