Telemark

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For ither uisses, see Telemark (disambiguation).
Telemark fylke
Coonty

Coat of arms
Telemark athin Norawa
Kintra Norawa
Coonty Telemark
Region Østlandet
Coonty ID NO-08
Offeecial leid form Neutral
Demonym Teledøl or Telemarking
Admeenistrative centre Skien
Government
 • Govrenor Kari Nordheim-Larsen
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (2006–present)
 • Coonty mayor Gunn Marit Helgesen
  Høyre
  (2003–present)
Area(#10 in Norawa, 4.55% o Norawa's land aurie)
 • Total 15,299 km2 (5,907 sq mi)
 • Land 13,854 km2 (5,349 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 167,102
 • Density 12/km2 (30/sq mi)
 • Chynge (10 years) 1.8 %
 • Rank in Norawa 13 (3.63% of country)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Income (per caipita) 139,900 NOK
GDP (per caipita) 219,404 NOK (2001)
Naitional Rank: 12 (2.38% o kintra)
Website www.telemark-fk.no
Data frae Statistics Norway
Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1951 136,519
1961 149,943 +9.8%
1971 156,778 +4.6%
1981 162,050 +3.4%
1991 162,869 +0.5%
2001 165,595 +1.7%
2011 169,185 +2.2%
2021? 180,966 +7.0%
2031? 191,552 +5.8%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]
Religion in Telemark[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
  
86.60%
Islam
  
1.50%
Buddhism
  
0.24%
Other
  
11.66%

Aboot this soond Telemark  is a coonty in Norawa, borderin Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogaland an Aust-Agder. The coonty admeenistration is in Skien. Till 1919 the coonty wis kent as Bratsberg amt.

Location[eedit | eedit soorce]

The coonty is locatit in sootheastren Norawa, extendin frae Hardangervidda tae the Skagerrak coast. The coastline extends frae Langesundsfjorden to Gjernestangen at the border tae Aust-Agder. Telemark haes a vera braken an heterogeneous landscape, includin mony hills an valleys.

Infrastructur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The internaitional road E18 goes through the soothren pairts o Telemark, namely Grenland an the municipality o Kragerø. European route 134, anither important motorwa an the fastest route atween Oslo an Bergen, goes through the municipalities o Vinje, Tokke, Kviteseid, Seljord, Hjartdal an Notodden. RV36, stretchin frae Porsgrunn to Seljord, links the E18 an E134 motorwas.

Telemark is well servit bi railweys. The Sørlandsbanen runs through the traditional destricts o Vestmar an Midt-Telemark, servin the municipalities o Drangedal, Nome, and Sauherad. Grenland is primarily servit bi Vestfoldbanen, but haes connections through Bratsbergbanen which runs atween Skien an Notodden an aw.

Geiteryggen Airport in Skien affers flichts tae Bergen an Stockholm.

Frae Langesund, Kystlink operates ferry services tae Swaden an Denmark.

The main bus lines in the coonty are operatit bi Telemark Bilruter, servin wastren an middle pairts o the coonty, an Nettbuss which serves the middle, eastren an soothren pairts o the coonty. Drangedal Bilruter serves the Vestmar region.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

The lairgest population centres are Skien, Porsgrunn, Notodden, Rjukan an Kragerø. Ither important places are , Fyresdal an Vinje.

The name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Norse form o the name was Þelamǫrk. The first element is the genitive plural case o þelir, the name o an auld Germanic tribe. The last element is mǫrk 'firthland, borderland, march'. (See an aw Hedmark and Finnmark.)

Till 1919 the coonty wis cried Bratsberg amt. The amt wis namit efter the ferm Bratsberg (Norse Brattsberg), syne this was the seat o the amtmann ('govrenor'). The first element is the genitive case o brattr m 'steep montain', the last element is berg n 'mountain'. (The name is referrin tae a steep muntainside ahint the ferm.)

Telemark lent its name tae Telemark skiin, a style inventit bi Sondre Norheim, an the characteristic Telemark landin o ski jumpin.

Coat-o-airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The coat-o-airms is frae modren times (1970). It shows an auld type o battle axe, significant for the coonty.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Some historians uised tae believe that Telemark haed been a petty kinrick in the early Viking Age, prior tae the reign o Harald Fairhair. This assertion, housomeivver, is unfoondit.

The film The Heroes of Telemark is loosely based on the Norse hivy watter sabotage, a raid on a hivy water plant at Rjukan durin Warld War II. Ray Mears made a documentary titled The Real Heroes of Telemark as a response tae the inaccuracies o the film, givin an accoont mair focused on the ootdoor skills that wur required for the operation (spendin months in the muntains an remote cabins).

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The coonty is conventionally dividit intae traditional destricts. These are Grenland, Vest-Telemark, Midt-Telemark, Øst-Telemark an Vestmar.

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Municipalities in Telemark
Rank Name Inhabitants[4] Area km²
&00000000000000010000001 Skien kommune Skien &000000000005166800000051,668 &0000000000000722000000722
&00000000000000020000002 Porsgrunn kommune Porsgrunn &000000000003262300000032,623 &0000000000000161000000161
&00000000000000030000003 Bamble kommune Bamble &000000000001410700000014,107 &0000000000000282000000282
&00000000000000040000004 Notodden kommune Notodden &000000000001239000000012,390 &0000000000000856000000856
&00000000000000050000005 Kragerø kommune Kragerø &000000000001062000000010,620 &0000000000000289000000289
&00000000000000060000006 Nome kommune Nome &00000000000065270000006,527 &0000000000000389000000389
&00000000000000070000007 Tinn kommune Tinn &00000000000060220000006,022 &00000000000018580000001,858
&00000000000000080000008 Bø i Telemark &00000000000055950000005,595 &0000000000000260000000260
&00000000000000090000009 Sauherad kommune Sauherad &00000000000042700000004,270 &0000000000000292000000292
&000000000000001000000010 Drangedal kommune Drangedal &00000000000041590000004,159 &0000000000000998000000998
&000000000000001100000011 Vinje kommune Vinje &00000000000036410000003,641 &00000000000027400000002,740
&000000000000001200000012 Seljord kommune Seljord &00000000000029660000002,966 &0000000000000672000000672
&000000000000001300000013 Kviteseid kommune Kviteseid &00000000000025220000002,522 &0000000000000626000000626
&000000000000001400000014 Siljan kommune Siljan &00000000000024120000002,412 &0000000000000203000000203
&000000000000001500000015 Tokke kommune Tokke &00000000000023370000002,337 &0000000000000907000000907
&000000000000001600000016 Hjartdal kommune Hjartdal &00000000000015870000001,587 &0000000000000741000000741
&000000000000001700000017 Nissedal kommune Nissedal &00000000000014040000001,404 &0000000000000789000000789
&000000000000001800000018 Fyresdal kommune Fyresdal &00000000000013810000001,381 &00000000000011100000001,110
Total Telemark fylke Telemark &0000000000168231000000168,231 &000000000001317300000013,173

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Telemark destrict