Deir ez-Zor

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Deir ez-Zor
دير الزور
Deir Ezzor, Deir Azzor
A collage o Deir ez-Zor
Deir ez-Zor is located in Syria
Deir ez-Zor
Deir ez-Zor
Location in Sirie
Coordinates: 35°20′N 40°9′E / 35.333°N 40.150°E / 35.333; 40.150
Kintra  Sirie
Governorate Deir ez-Zor Govrenorate
Destrict Deir ez-Zor Destrict
Government
 • Type Governorate
Elevation 210 m (690 ft)
Population (2004 census[1])
 • City 211,857
 • Metro 239,196
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) 051

Deir ez Zor, spelt Dayr az-Zawr, Der Ezzor, Deir Azzor an aw, an ither variants (Arabic: دير الزور‎; Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܙܥܘܪܬܐ, Armenie: Տէր Զօր‎, Դեր Զոր, Ter Zor), is the lairgest ceety in northeastren Sirie on the Euphrates River an caipital o the Deir ez-Zor Govrenorate, 450 km tae the northeast frae the caipital Damascus.[2] As in 2009, there wur aroond 511,000 fowk livin in the metropolitan aurie o the ceety.

Names[eedit | eedit soorce]

Amang Siries an neighbourin regions, Ad-Deir is uised for short tae indicate Deir ez Zor. The Current name, which haes been extendit tae the region aroond it, indicates an auncient steid for ane o the Early Christian secludit monasteries spread syne the persecution times an Apostolic Age throughoot Mesopotamie.[3] Although Deir, which is Arabic for "monastery", thought tae be kept throughoot Medieval an Modren Age renamin, Zor, which indicates the riverbank bush, appeared anerlie in some late Ottoman records.[4]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The modren toun wis expandit bi the Ottoman Empire in 1867 aroond the pre-existin toun. In 1915, the ceety became a major destination point in the Armenie Genocide; This haed been the lairgest destination o Armenies killed in the Armenie Genocide. A memorial commemoratin this tragedy wis erectit in the ceety in 1991.[5] Fraunce occupeed Deir ez-Zor in 1921 an made it the seat o a lairge garrison. Meanwhile, the region wis locally ruled bi Haj-Fadel Abboud, a member o an aristocratic family. In 1941 Breetish-led forces defeatit the Vichy French durin the Sirie-Lebanon campaign, which included a battle ower Deir, an they haundit admeenistration o the region tae the Free French. In 1946 it became pairt o the independent Republic o Sirie.

Deir ez-Zor is situatit 85 km tae the northwast o the airchaeological remains o Dura-Europos an 120 km northwast o the remains o the auncient ceety o Mari. Durin Roman times it wis an important tradin post atween the Roman Empire an Indie. Conquered bi Zenobia, it became pairt o the kinrick o Palmyra. Efter a successive wave o conquests, it wis feenally destroyed bi the Mongols as they swept athort the Middle East.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Deir Ezzor
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
15.2
(59.4)
19.6
(67.3)
25.8
(78.4)
31.9
(89.4)
37.2
(99.0)
40.3
(104.5)
39.8
(103.6)
35.8
(96.4)
29.5
(85.1)
20.7
(69.3)
14.0
(57.2)
26.86
(80.34)
Average laich °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.7
(38.7)
6.8
(44.2)
12.0
(53.6)
17.2
(63.0)
22.3
(72.1)
25.4
(77.7)
24.8
(76.6)
20.3
(68.5)
14.1
(57.4)
17.3
(63.1)
3.2
(37.8)
14.12
(57.41)
Precipitation mm (inches) 28.2
(1.11)
25.3
(0.996)
27.1
(1.067)
19.8
(0.78)
8.5
(0.335)
0.5
(0.02)
0.4
(0.016)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.008)
6.0
(0.236)
14.7
(0.579)
25.3
(0.996)
156
(6.14)
Avg. precipitation days 8 9 7 5 3 0 0 0 0 2 4 6 44
Source: World Meteorological Organization

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety an its rural surroondin is a fertile an prosperous fermin aurie, wi livestock-breedin (for awassi sheep), cereals an cotton crops. Mony agribusiness institutions wirk there as well.

Syne the discovery o licht crude petroleum in the Sirie desert it haes become a centre for the kintra's petroleum extraction industry. It is an aw a minor centre for tourism wi mony tourist facilities such as traditional French-style riverbank restaurants, up tae 5-starn hotels, a hub for trans-desert travel an an airport (IATA code: DEZ) in Al-Jafra suburb. There are salt mines nearbi.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The majority o Deiries (frae Deir ez-Zor) are Arabs, maist o them are fermers frae Jazira an urbanised bedouins o the Sirie Desert, wi few Kurdish, Armenian an Syriac families. Successive waves o new settlers frae surroondin kintrasides an provinces wur hivily relatit tae severe drought in late 1950s an 1990s maist o them leukin for staundart jobs an givin away fermin an herdin life-style. North Mesopotamie dialect o Arabic is uised there, wi slicht influence o the North Sirie ane can be noticed as well. Dominatit bi Sunni Muslims, Christianity in Deir ez-Zor can be traced back tae the Apostolic Age, wi few kirks an chapels belang tae different denominations are active there.

The ceety is an aw famous for the Deir ez-Zor suspension brig (Arabic: الجسر المعلق‎) which spans the Euphrates[2] an wis completit in 1927. The Deir ez-Zor Museum keeps thoosans o antiquities collectit frae nearbi aircheological steids in Northren Mesopotamie. Main campuses o Al-Furat University an Al-Jazeera University are an aw locatit there.[6] Mony ither polytechnic schuils an professional institutes provides tertiary education are based in the ceety as well. The local daily newspaper Al Furat an few ither publications are published there an circulatit in neighboruin Al-Hasakah an Raqqa govrenorates.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Deir ez-Zor is hame tae the third Armenie diplomatic mission in Sirie; the Honorary Consulate o the Republic o Armenie, opened on 11 Februar 2010.[7]

Deir ez-Zor Airport is an unner-development domestic an internaitional terminal an important hub maistly connectin wi Damascus an destinations in the gulf region.

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Deir ez-Zor city population
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Syrian Ministry of Tourism (in Arabic)". Retrieved 2007-05-10. 
  3. Moffett, S. H. (1992): A History of Christianity in Asia: Beginnings to 1500. Harper, San Francisco. ISBN 0060657790
  4. Shaw, S. J. (1978): Ottoman Census System and Population, 1831–1914. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 9: 325-338.
  5. Monument and Memorial Complex at Der Zor, Syria
  6. http://www.jude.edu.sy
  7. Thawra news (in Arabic)
  8. Al-Baath news (in Arabic)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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