X chromosome

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Human X chromosome
Human male karyotpe high resolution - X chromosome cropped.png
Human X chromosome (efter G-baundin).
Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome X.png
X chromosome in human male karyogram.
Featurs
Lenth (bp) 156,040,895 bp
(GRCh38)[1]
No. o genes 804 (CCDS)[2]
Teep Allosome
Centromere poseetion Submetacentric[3]
(61.0 Mbp[4])
Complete gene leets
CCDS Gene list
HGNC Gene list
NCBI Gene list
External map viewers
Ensembl Chromosome X
Entrez Chromosome X
NCBI Chromosome X
UCSC Chromosome X
Full DNA sequences
RefSeq NC_000023 (FASTA)
GenBank CM000685 (FASTA)

The X chromosome is ane o the twa sex-determinin chromosomes (allosomes) in mony organisms, includin mammals (the ither is the Y chromosome), an is foind in bauth males an females. It is a pairt o the XY sex-determination seestem an X0 sex-determination seestem. The X chromosome wis named for its unique properties bi early researchers, that resultit in the namin o its coonterpairt Y chromosome, for the next letter in the alphabet, efter it wis diskivered later.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Human Genome Assembly GRCh38 - Genome Reference Consortium". National Center for Biotechnology Information (in Inglis). 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2017-03-04. 
  2. "Search results - X[CHR] AND "Homo sapiens"[Organism] AND ("has ccds"[Properties] AND alive[prop]) - Gene". NCBI. CCDS Release 20 for Homo sapiens. 2016-09-08. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  3. Tom Strachan; Andrew Read (2 Aprile 2010). Human Molecular Genetics. Garland Science. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-136-84407-2. 
  4. Genome Decoration Page, NCBI. Ideogram data for Homo sapience (850 bphs, Assembly GRCh38.p3). Last update 2014-06-03. Retrieved 2017-04-26.
  5. Angier, Natalie (2007-05-01). "For Motherly X Chromosome, Gender Is Only the Beginning". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-05-01.