X chromosome

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Human X chromosome
Human X chromosome (efter G-baundin).
X chromosome in human male karyogram.
Lenth (bp)156,040,895 bp
No. o genes804 (CCDS)[2]
Centromere poseetionSubmetacentric[3]
(61.0 Mbp[4])
Complete gene leets
CCDSGene list
HGNCGene list
NCBIGene list
External map viewers
EnsemblChromosome X
EntrezChromosome X
NCBIChromosome X
UCSCChromosome X
Full DNA sequences
RefSeqNC_000023 (FASTA)
GenBankCM000685 (FASTA)

The X chromosome is ane o the twa sex-determinin chromosomes (allosomes) in mony organisms, includin mammals (the ither is the Y chromosome), an is foind in bauth males an females. It is a pairt o the XY sex-determination seestem an X0 sex-determination seestem. The X chromosome wis named for its unique properties bi early researchers, that resultit in the namin o its coonterpairt Y chromosome, for the next letter in the alphabet, efter it wis diskivered later.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Human Genome Assembly GRCh38 - Genome Reference Consortium". National Center for Biotechnology Information (in Inglis). 24 December 2013. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2017.
  2. "Search results - X[CHR] AND "Homo sapiens"[Organism] AND ("has ccds"[Properties] AND alive[prop]) - Gene". NCBI. CCDS Release 20 for Homo sapiens. 8 September 2016. Retrieved 28 Mey 2017.
  3. Tom Strachan; Andrew Read (2 Apryle 2010). Human Molecular Genetics. Garland Science. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-136-84407-2.
  4. Genome Decoration Page, NCBI. Ideogram data for Homo sapience (850 bphs, Assembly GRCh38.p3). Last update 2014-06-03. Retrieved 2017-04-26.
  5. Angier, Natalie (1 Mey 2007). "For Motherly X Chromosome, Gender Is Only the Beginning". New York Times. Retrieved 1 Mey 2007.