Wŏnsan (Korean pronunciation: [wʌn.san]), previously kent as Wŏnsanjin (元山津), Port Lazarev, an Gensan (元山), is a port ceety an naval base locatit in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea, alang the eastren side o the Korean Peninsula, on the Sea o Japan (East Sea) an the provincial caipital. The port wis opened bi occupying Japanese forces in 1880. Afore the 1950–1953 Korean War, it fell within the jurisdiction o the then Sooth Hamgyong Province, an during the war it wis the location o the Blockade o Wŏnsan. The population o the ceety wis estimatit at 329,207 in 2013. Notable fowk frae Wŏnsan include Kim Ki Nam, diplomat an Secretary o the Wirkers' Pairty o Korea. The ceety haes several major factories.
Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]
Wŏnsan's aurie is 269 square kilometres (104 sq mi). It is locatit in Kangwŏn Province, on the westernmost pairt o the Sea o Japan (East Sea o Korea) an the east end o the Korean peninsula's neck. Mt. Changdok (Changdok-san) an Mt. Nap'al (Nap'al-san) are locatit tae the wast o the ceety. Mair than 20 smaw islands flank Wŏnsan's immediate coastal aurie, includin Hwangt'o Island an Ryŏ Island. Wŏnsan is considered an excellent naitural port location. Kŭmgang-san moontain is locatit near Wŏnsan.