Tuatara

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Tuatara
Temporal range: Miocene – present, 19–0 Ma
[1]
Sphenodon punctatus in Waikanae, New Zealand.jpg
Male northren tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus punctatus)
Scientific classification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Rhynchocephalia
Faimily: Sphenodontidae
Genus: Sphenodon
Gray, 1831 (conserved name)
Teep species
Hatteria punctata
Gray, 1842
Speshies
  • S. punctatus
    (Gray, 1842) (conserved name)
  • S. guntheri
    Buller, 1877
  • S. diversum
    Colenso, 1885
World.distribution.rhynchocephalia.colour contrast.png
Native range (New Zealand)
North Island Map tuatara.PNG
Current distribution o tuatara (in black):[3][4][5] Circles represent the North Island tuatara, an squares the Brothers Island tuatara. Seembols mey represent up tae seiven islands.
Synonyms
  • Sphaenodon
    Gray, 1831 (rejected name)
  • Hatteria
    Gray, 1842 (rejectit name)
  • Rhynchocephalus
    Owen, 1845 (rejectit name)

Tuatara are reptiles endemic tae New Zealand. Aetho resemblin maist lizards, thay are pairt o a distinct lineage, the order Rhynchocephalia.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Sphenodon Gray 1831 (rhynchocephalian)". PBDB. 
  2. Australasian Reptile & Amphibian Specialist Group (1996). Sphenodon punctatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T20613A9214781.en
  3. Daugherty C. H.; Cree A.; Hay J. M.; Thompson M. B. (1990). "Neglected taxonomy and continuing extinctions of tuatara (Sphenodon)". Nature. 347 (6289): 177–179. Bibcode:1990Natur.347..177D. doi:10.1038/347177a0. 
  4. Gaze, Peter (2001). Tuatara recovery plan 2001–2011 (PDF). Threatened Species Recovery Plan 47. Biodiversity Recovery Unit, Department of Conservation, Government of New Zealand. ISBN 978-0-478-22131-2. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 5 November 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2007. 
  5. Beston, Anne (25 October 2003). "New Zealand Herald: Tuatara Release" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 4 October 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2007. 
  6. "Tuatara". New Zealand Ecology: Living Fossils. TerraNature Trust. 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2006.