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Bright red tomato and cross section02.jpg
Cross-section an full view o a hethoose (greenhoose-grown) tomato
Scienteefic clessification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. lycopersicum
Binomial name
Solanum lycopersicum

Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H. Karst.
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.[1]

The tomato is the edible, eften reid fruit o the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly kent as a tomato plant. Baith the species an its uise as a fuid oreeginatit in Mexico, an spread throughoot the warld follaein the Spainyie colonization o the Americas. Its mony varieties are nou widely grown, sometimes in greenhooses in cuiler climates.

The tomato is consumed in diverse ways, includin raw, as an ingredient in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. While it is botanically a fruit, it is considered a vegetable for culinary purposes (as well as unner U.S. customs regulations, see Nix v. Hedden), which haes caused some confusion. The fruit is rich in lycopene, which mey hae beneficial health effects.

The tomato belangs tae the nichtshade faimily (Solanaceae). The plants typically grow tae 1–3 meters (3–10 ft) in hicht an hae a weak stem that eften sprawls ower the grund an vines ower ither plants. It is a perennial in its native habitat, altho eften grown ootduirs in temperate climates as an annual. An average common tomato weighs approximately 100 grams (4 oz).[2][3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Solanaceae Source: Phylogeny of the genus Solanum". Natural History Museum. Molecular phylogenetic analyses have established that the formerly segregate genera Lycopersicon, Cyphomandra, Normania, and Triguera are nested within Solanum, and all species of these four genera have been transferred to Solanum 
  2. "Tomaat september 2010, RZ Seeds & Services" (PDF). Het gemiddeld vruchtgewicht ligt tussen de 102 en 105 gram en de kwaliteit is goed.  2010
  3. "Enza Zaden – Teeltnieuws". Het gemiddelde vruchtgewicht van Ingar ligt tussen 100–110 gram.  6 August 2009