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(Reguidit frae Tomato)
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Bright red tomato and cross section02.jpg
Cross-section an fou view o a (greenhoose-grown) tomata
Scienteefic clessification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. lycopersicum
Binomial name
Solanum lycopersicum

Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H. Karst.
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.[1]

The tomata or tamata oe tamatae or tomatae is the edible, aften reid fruit o the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly kent as a tomata plant. Baith the species an its uise as a fuid oreeginatit in Mexico, an spreid atouer the warld follaein the Spainyie colonization o the Americas. Its mony varieties are nou widely grown, whiles in greenhooses in cuiler climates.

The tomato is consumed in diverse weys, includin raw, as an ingredient in mony dishes, sauces, salads, an drinks. While it is botanically a fruit, it is conseidered a vegetable for culinary purposes (as weel as unner U.S. customs regulations, see Nix v. Hedden), whilk haes caused some confusion. The fruit is lycopene-rif, whilk mey hae beneficial halth effects.

The tomato belangs the pushion-berry faimily (Solanaceae). The plants typically grow tae 1–3 meters (3–10 ft) in hicht an hae a weak stem that aften sprattles ower the grund an vines ower ither plants. It is a perennial in its native habitat, altho aften grown furth in temperate climates as an annual. An average common tomata wees thareby 100 grams (4 oz).[2][3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Solanaceae Source: Phylogeny of the genus Solanum". Natural History Museum. Molecular phylogenetic analyses have established that the formerly segregate genera Lycopersicon, Cyphomandra, Normania, and Triguera are nested within Solanum, and all species of these four genera have been transferred to Solanum 
  2. "Tomaat september 2010, RZ Seeds & Services" (PDF). Het gemiddeld vruchtgewicht ligt tussen de 102 en 105 gram en de kwaliteit is goed.  2010
  3. "Enza Zaden – Teeltnieuws". Het gemiddelde vruchtgewicht van Ingar ligt tussen 100–110 gram.  6 August 2009