Tilquiapan Zapotec

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Tilquiapan Zapotec
San Miguel Tilquiápam
RegionOaxaca in Mexico
Native speakers
5,000 (2007)[1]
Oto-Manguean
Laitin script
Leid codes
ISO 639-3zts

Tilquiapan Zapotec (Zapoteco de San Miguel Tilquiápam) is an Oto-Manguean leid o the Zapotecan branch, spoken in soothren Oaxaca, Mexico.

Yatzeche Zapotec is close enough tae be considered a dialect, an Ocotlán Zapotec is close. They wur measured at 87% an 59% intelligibility, respectively, in recordit text testin.[2]

Soonds[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vouels[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vouel phonemes o Tilquiapan Zapotec[3]
Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Mid ɘ o
Open a

Each vouel can be glottalisit an aw, a phenomenon manifestit as either creaky voice throuoot the vouel or, mair commonly, as a sequence o a vouel an a glottal stop optionally follaeed bi an echo o the vouel.[4]

Consonants[eedit | eedit soorce]

Consonant phonemes o Tilquiapan Zapotec[5]
Bilabial Dental/
Alveolar
Post-
alveolar
Palatal Velar
plain labialized
Nasal m n
Plosive b d tːʃ ɡ kːʷ ɡʷ
Fricative z ʃː ʒ
Approximant Central j
Lateral l͡d l

As wi ither Zapotec leids, the primar distinction atween consonant pairs like /t/ an /d/ is no o voicin but atween fortis and lenis (measured in lenth[6]), respectively, wi voicin bein a phonetic correlate.[5] Thare are two exceptions tae this in Tilquiapan:

  • The contrast atween fortis /nː/ an lenis /n/
  • The contrast atween fortis /ld/ an lenis /l/

Neither is voiceless, but /nˑ/ is pronooncit a little langer an /ld/ replaces /l/ in certain causative verbs in weys similar tae ither fortis/lenis consonantal changes (e.g. [blaˀa] 'get loose' vs. [bldaˀa] 'let loose').[5]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Egland, Steven; Cruz Ramos, Saúl; Bartholomew, Doris (1978), La inteligibilidad interdialectal en México: resultados de algunos sondeos (in Spanish), México: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, ISBN 9683100031 Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquiapan Zapotec", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 38 (1): 107–114, doi:10.1017/S0025100308003344
  • Nellis, Donald G.; Hollenbach, Barbara E. (1980), "Fortis versus lenis in Cajonos Zapotec phonology", International Journal of American Linguistics, 46: 92–105, doi:10.1086/465639