Thimphu

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Thimphu
Thimphu-dz.svg
Metropolitan ceety
Tashichödzong Thimphu-2008-01-23.jpg
National Library-Thimphu-Bhutan-2008 01 23.jpgThimphu view 080907.JPG
Clock Tower Square Thimphu 2010-12-19.jpg
Frae upper left: Tashichho Dzong, Naitional Leebrar o Bhutan, an aerial view o Thimphu, View o Clock Tour Square
Thimphu is locatit in Bhutan
Thimphu
Thimphu
Location o Thimphu in Bhutan
Coordinates: 27°28′20″N 89°38′10″E / 27.47222°N 89.63611°E / 27.47222; 89.63611Coordinates: 27°28′20″N 89°38′10″E / 27.47222°N 89.63611°E / 27.47222; 89.63611
Kintra  Bhutan
Destrict Thimphu Destrict
Gewog Chang Gewog
Thromde Thimphu
Established as caipital 1955
Tounship 1961
Municipality 2009
Govrenment
 • Druk Gyalpo Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
 • Thrompon Kinlay Dorjee
Aurie
 • Total 26.1 km2 (10.1 sq mi)
Elevation 2,320 m (7,656 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Tot 104,000
 • Density 4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
Aurie code(s) +975-2
Climate Cwb
Wabsteid thimphucity.bt

Thimphu (Tibetan alphabet: ཐིམ་ཕུག།, Dzongkha: ཐིམ་ཕུ) an aa spelt Thimpu, is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Bhutan.[1][2] It is situatit in the wastren central pairt o Bhutan an the name o the surroondin valley is dzongkhag, the Thimphu Destrict. The ceety became the caipital o Bhutan in 1961. In 2005 it haed a population o 79,185,[1] wi 98,676 fowk livin in the entire Thimphu destrict.

The ceety is spread oot longitudinally in a north-sooth direction on the wast bank o the valley formed bi the Wang Chuu, an aa kent as the Thimphu Chuu River. Thimphu is locatit at 27°28′00″N 89°38′30″E / 27.46667°N 89.64167°E / 27.46667; 89.64167 an is spread ower an altitudinal range atween 2,248 metres (7,375 ft) an metres (8,688 ft).[3][4][5][6][7] Unuisually for a caipital ceety, Thimphu is no served bi an airport, but relies on the airport at Paro, connectit bi road some 54 kilometres (34 mi) away.

Thimphu, as the poleetical an economic centre o Bhutan, haes a dominant agricultural an livestock base, which contributes tae 45% o the kintra's GNP.[8] Tourism, tho a contributor tae the economy, is strictly regulatit, maintainin a balance atween the traditional an development an modrenization. Thimphu contains maist o the important poleetical biggins in Bhutan, includin the Naitional Assembly o the newly formed parliamentary democracy an Dechencholing Palace, the offeecial residence o the Keeng, locatit tae the north o the ceety. As a metroplis an caipital ceety, Thimphu is coordinatit bi the "Thimphu Structure Plan", an Urban Development Plan which evolved in 1998 wi the objective o protectin the fragile ecology o the valley. This development is ongoin wi financial assistance frae the World Bank an Asian Development Bank.

The cultur o Bhutan is fully reflectit in Thimphu in respect o literature, releegion, customs, an naitional dress code, the monastic practices o the monasteries, muisic, dance, literature an in the media. Tsechu festival is an important festival when mask dances, popularly kent as Cham dances, are performed in the courtyards o the Tashichhoe Dzong in Thimphu. It is a fower day festival held ivery year durin Hairst (September/October), on dates correspondin tae the Bhutanese calendar.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Thimphu". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  2. Parekh, N (1986). Himalayan memoirs. Popular Prakashan. p. 67. 
  3. "Thimpu Dzongkhag". Government of Bhutan. Retrieved 2010-06-08. 
  4. "Bhutan". Tourism Council of Bhutan:Government of Bhutan. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  5. "Introduction: Understanding Natural Systems". Government of Bhutan. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  6. Brown, p. 97
  7. Palin, p. 245
  8. "Economy". Tourism Government of Bhutan.