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Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (née Roberts; 13 October 1925 – 8 Apryle 2013) wis a Breetish stateswumman, wha served as Prime Meenister o the Unitit Kinrick frae 1979 tae 1990 an as Leader o the Conservative Pairty frae 1975 tae 1990. She wis the langest-servin Breetish prime meenister o the 20t century, an the first wumman tae hae held the office. A Soviet jurnalist dubbed her The Iron Lady, a nickname that becam associatit wi her uncompromisin politics an leadership style. As Prime Meenister, she implemented policies that hae come tae be kent as Thatcherism.

A resairch chemist afore acomin a barrister, Thatcher wis electit Member o Pairlament for Finchley in 1959. Edward Heath appyntit her Secretar o State for Eddication an Science in his 1970 govrenment. In 1975, Thatcher defeatit Heath in the Conservative Pairty leadership election tae acome Leader o the Opposeetion an acame the first wumman tae lead a major poleetical pairty in the Unitit Kinrick. She acame Prime Meenister efter winnin the 1979 general election.

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