Sumatran rhinoceros

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Sumatran rhinoceros[1]
Sumatran Rhino 2.jpg
Sumatran rhinoceroses Emi and Harapan in the Cincinnati Zoo
Scienteefic clessification
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Faimily: Rhinocerotidae
Genus: Dicerorhinus
Gloger, 1841
Species: D. sumatrensis
Binomial name
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
(Fischer, 1814)[3]
Taman Negara National ParkTabin Wildlife ReserveGunung Leuser National ParkKerinci Seblat National ParkBukit Barisan Selatan National ParkWay Kambas National ParkSumatran rhino range
Sumatran rhinoceros range. Click on the current range, as indicated by the dark red dots, to open the articles about the areas in which the rhino lives.[4]
Subspecies
  • D. s. harrissoni Groves, 1965
  • D. s. sumatrensis Fischer, 1814
  • D. s. lasiotis Buckland, 1872

The Sumatran rhinoceros, kent as the hairy rhinoceros or Asie twa-horned rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) an aw, is a rare member o the faimily Rhinocerotidae an ane o five extant rhinoceroses. It is the anerly extant species o the genus Dicerorhinus. It is the smawest rhinoceros, awtho it is still a lairge mammal; it staunds 112–145 cm (3.67–4.76 ft) heich at the shoulder, wi a heid-an-bouk lenth o 2.36–3.18 m (7.7–10.4 ft) an a tail o 35–70 cm (14–28 in). The wicht is reportit tae range frae 500 tae 1,000 kg (1,100 tae 2,200 lb), averagin 700–800 kg (1,500–1,800 lb), awtho thare is a single record o a 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) specimen. Lik baith African species, it haes twa horns; the lairger is the nasal horn, teepically 15–25 cm (5.9–9.8 in), whilk the ither horn is teepically a stub. A coat o reiddish-broun hair covers maist o the Sumatran rhino's bouk.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Perissodactyla". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 635. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. van Strien, N.J., Manullang, B., Sectionov, Isnan, W., Khan, M.K.M, Sumardja, E., Ellis, S., Han, K.H., Boeadi, Payne, J. & Bradley Martin, E. 2008. Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2.
  3. Rookmaaker, L. C. (1984). "The taxonomic history of the recent forms of Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)". Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 57 (1): 12–25. JSTOR 41492969. 
  4. Derived from range maps in:
    • Foose, Thomas J. and van Strien, Nico (1997). Asian Rhinos – Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK. ISBN 2-8317-0336-0. 
      and
    • Dinerstein, Eric (2003). The Return of the Unicorns; The Natural History and Conservation of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-08450-1. 
      This map does not include unconfirmed historical sightings in Laos and Vietnam or possible remaining populations in Burma.

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