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(Reguidit frae Speech)

Speak is whan spoken langage is uised for tae communicate. It's juist humans haes langage. Beasts disna hae speak, but some anes can communicate wi ither wi uisin soonds and gesturs.

Speak is made wi soonds dirlin the vocal faulds. Soonds throu the vyce box is shapit wi the jaw, tung, teeth, palate, lips, and nose.

Tae mak speak a bodie haes tae can:

  1. wale speak soonds
  2. pit thaim intil a sequence
  3. mak soond in the vyce box
  4. uise the lips, tung, teeth, nose and palate for tae shape the soonds

Things can gang wrang in onie pairt o this fower-stage process. A speak and langage therapist can help an wirk oot the bit o the sequence that's gaen agley and gie therapie.[1][2]

Effective speak haes the follaein elements – fluency, flexibility, accuracy, and comprehensibilitie.

  • Fluency is the abilitie tae communicate a message that wis the ane ettelt tae be communicatit, or affect the listener in the wey that the speaker's ettlin tae.
  • Flexibility is whaur the message can be fittit tae the responses o the listener. It involves chuisin wirds and expressions that the listener(s) will unnerstaund an aa.
  • Accuracy is the uiss o the richt grammar in spoken langage.
  • Comprehensibility is the ability tae be understuid by ither fowk. The'r three pairts o soond that influences somebodie’s comprehensibility:
Pronunciation: sayin the soonds o wirds richt;
Intonation: uisin the richt stress and rhythm while speakin; and
Enunciation: speakin clear at the richt pace and loodness.

Soorces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Bauman-Waengler J. 2000. Articulatory & phonological impairments: a clinical focus'. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  2. Stackhouse J. and Wells B. 1997. Children’s speech and literacy difficulties. London: Whurr.