Proteobacteria

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Proteobacteria
EscherichiaColi NIAID.jpg
Escherichia coli
Scientific classification e
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Stackebrandt et al., 1988,[1] Garrity et al. 2005[2]
Cless

Alphaproteobacteria[3]
Betaproteobacteria[4]
Hydrogenophilalia[4]
Gammaproteobacteria[5]
Acidithiobacillia[5]
Deltaproteobacteria[6]
Epsilonproteobacteria[7]
Oligoflexia[8]

The Proteobacteria are a major group (phylum) o bacteria. Thay include a wide variety o pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, an Yersinia, an mony ither notable genera.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Stackebrandt, E.; Murray, R. G. E.; Truper, H. G. (1988). "Proteobacteria classis nov., a Name for the Phylogenetic Taxon That Includes the "Purple Bacteria and Their Relatives"". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 38 (3): 321–325. doi:10.1099/00207713-38-3-321. 
  2. Garrity, G. M., Bell, J. A. & Lilburn, T. (2005). Phylum XIV. Proteobacteria phyl. nov. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part B (The Gammaproteobacteria), p. 1. Edited by D. J. Brenner, N. R. Krieg, J. T. Staley & G. M. Garrity. New York: Springer.
  3. Garrity GM, Bell JA, Lilburn T (2005). "Class I. Alphaproteobacteria class. nov.". In Brenner DJ, Krieg NR, Staley JT, Garrity GM. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 2: The Proteobacteria Part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta- and Epsilonproteobacteria (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 1. doi:10.1002/9781118960608.cbm00041. ISBN 9781118960608. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Boden R, Hutt LP, Rae AW (2017). "Reclassification of Thiobacillus aquaesulis (Wood & Kelly, 1995) as Annwoodia aquaesulis gen. nov., comb. nov., transfer of Thiobacillus (Beijerinck, 1904) from the Hydrogenophilales to the Nitrosomonadales, proposal of Hydrogenophilalia class. nov. within the "Proteobacteria", and four new families within the orders Nitrosomonadales and Rhodocyclales". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 67 (5): 1191–1205. doi:10.1099/ijsem.0.001927. PMID 28581923. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Williams KP, Kelly DP (2013). "Proposal for a new class within the phylum Proteobacteria, Acidithiobacillia classis nov., with the type order Acidithiobacillales, and emended description of the class Gammaproteobacteria". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 63: 2901–2906. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.049270-0. PMID 23334881. 
  6. Kuever J, Rainey FA, Widdel F (2005). "Class IV. Deltaproteobacteria class. nov.". In Brenner DJ, Krieg NR, Staley JT, Garrity GM. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 2: The Proteobacteria Part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta- and Epsilonproteobacteria (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 922. doi:10.1002/9781118960608.cbm00043. ISBN 9781118960608. 
  7. Garrity GM, Bell JA, Lilburn T (2005). "Class V. Epsilonproteobacteria class. nov.". In Brenner DJ, Krieg NR, Staley JT, Garrity GM. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 2: The Proteobacteria Part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta- and Epsilonproteobacteria (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 1145. doi:10.1002/9781118960608.cbm00044. ISBN 9781118960608. 
  8. Nakai R, Nishijima M, Tazato N, Handa Y, Karray F, Sayadi S, Isoda H, Naganuma T (2014). "Oligoflexus tunisiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a Gram-negative, aerobic, filamentous bacterium of a novel proteobacterial lineage, and description of Oligoflexaceae fam. nov., Oligoflexales ord. nov. and Oligoflexia classis nov". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 64 (Pt 10): 3353–3359. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.060798-0. PMC 4179278Freely accessible. PMID 25013226. 
  9. Madigan, M. and J. Martinko. (eds.) (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-144329-1.