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Temporal range: Paleocene–Present
Pangolin borneo.jpg
Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica)
Scientific classification e
Kinrick: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cless: Mammalia
(unranked): Ferae
Order: Pholidota
Weber, 1904
Faimily: Manidae
Gray, 1821
Manis ranges.png

Pangolins are mammals o the order Pholidota. The ane extant faimily, Manidae, haes three genera: Manis, which comprises fower species livin in Asie, Phataginus, which comprises twa species livin in Africae, an Smutsia, which comprises twa species an aa livin in Africae.[1] Thir species range in size frae 30 tae 100 centimetres (12 tae 39 in). A nummer o extinct pangolin species are an aa kent.

Pangolins hae lairge, protective keratin scales coverin thair skin; thay are the anly kent mammals wi this adaptation. Thay live in hollae trees or burraes, dependin on the species. Pangolins are nocturnal, an thair diet conseests o mainly ants an termites which thay captur uisin their lang tongues. Thay tend tae be solitar ainimals, meetin anly tae mate an produce a litter o ane tae three offspring which are raised for aboot twa years. Pangolins are threatened bi huntin (for thair meat an scales) an hivy deforestation o thair naitural habitats, an are the maist trafficked mammal in the warld.[2] O the aicht species o pangolin, fower species (Phataginus tetradactyla, P. tricuspis, Smutsia gigantea, an S. temminckii) are leetit as vulnerable, twa species (Manis crassicaudata an M. culionensis) are leetit as endangered, an twa species (M. pentadactyla an M. javanica) are leetit as creetically endangered on the Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naitur (IUCN) Reid Leet o Threatened Species.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gaudin, Timothy (28 August 2009). "The Phylogeny of Living and Extinct Pangolins (Mammalia, Pholidota) and Associated Taxa: A Morphology Based Analysis" (PDF). Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 16 (4): 235–305. doi:10.1007/s10914-009-9119-9. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  2. Goode, Emilia (31 March 2015). "A Struggle to Save the Scaly Pangolin". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  3. "Search result for "Pangolin"". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 12 January 2016.