Nine-bawl

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Nine-bawl
Nine-ball rack.jpg
The nine-bawls bein racked: the 1-bawl a the apex centered ower the foot spot, the 9-bawl at center, the other bawls placed randomly, an all bawls touching.
Heichest govrenin bodyWarld Puil Association
1920s
Characteristics
ContactNo
Team memberssingle competitors or doubles
Mixed genderYes
EquipmentCue sports equipment

Nine-bawl (English: Nine-ball, sometimes written 9-ball) i a cue sport and type of puil. The game i traceable to origins i the 1920 i the United States. It is played on a rectangular table covered wae a colored cloth (or "baize"), wae pockets at each o the four corners and i the middle of each long side. Usin a cue stick an nine coloured bawls, players must strike the white bawl (or "cue bawl") to pot o pocket the remaining bawls i the correct sequence. Bawls are numbered one through nine bein potted in ascendin order. An individual game (or rack), i won by the player pocketing the number nine ball (known as the 9-ball.) Matches ae usually played as a race to a set number of racks, with the winner being the player to reach the set number of racks won.

The game i currently organised by the Warld Pool Association an the  Women's Professional Billiard Association with the European Pocket Billiard Federation, China Billiards & Snooker Association an United States Professional Poolplayers Association running regional events. The most prestigious nine-ball toornament is the WPA Warld Nine-ball Championship, first being held in 1990 wi the first two events being won by Earl Strickland. Key figures i the game include Efren Reyes, Francisco Bustamante an Thorsten Hohmann, wi Strickland havin won the warld championship the most times, doing so three times. The game is often associated with hustling and gambling, with toornaments often having a "buy-in" amount to become a participant. The sport hae featured i popular culture, specifically i the 1956 novel and 1961 film the Hustler an 1984 novel an 1986 film the Color of Money.

Nine-ball has been played with varied rules, with games such as ten-ball, seven-ball and three-ball being derived from the game. Whilst usually a singles sport, the game can be played i doubles, wae players competing alternate shots. Examples o toornaments featurin doubles include the Warld Cup of Pool, Warld Team Championship an the Mosconi Cup.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

An image showing the brak box uised on the Euro Tour. This box limits the areas i which a brak can be played from.

Nine-ball i a type of pocket billiards game, fountit i the 1920s i America.[1][2][3] The game wis founded a deriviative game, designed uisin the same equipment as in eight-ball which wis founded by Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company i the early 1900s.[4][5][6][7]

Popular culture[eedit | eedit soorce]

The sport hae featured i popular culture, specifically i the 1956 novel an 1961 film the Hustler,[8][9] an 1984 novel an 1986 film the Color of Money.[10] A match dedicated tae the later film between Earl Strickland an Efren Reyes wis held i1996, called the "Color o Money II".[11][12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The History of Billiards". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-02-09. Retrieved 2006-11-10.
  2. "Sports history - Billiards". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2002-02-23.
  3. "WPA 9-Ball Game Rules". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
  4. Shamos, Mike (1999). The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Billiards. New York: Lyons Press. ISBN 1-55821-797-5.:24, 89–90
  5. Jewett, Bob (February 2002). "8-Ball Rules: The Many Different Versions of One of Today's Most Common Games". Billiards Digest Magazine: 22–23.
  6. Hickok, Ralph (2001). "Sports History: Pocket Billiards". Archived frae the oreeginal on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
  7. Shamos, Mike (1995–2005). "A Brief History of the Noble Game of Billiards". Billiard Congress America. Archived frae the oreeginal on 27 January 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
  8. Rossen, Robert (1972). Three Screenplays: All the Kings Men, The Hustler, and Lilith. New York, Anchor Doubleday Books. LCCN 70-175418.
  9. "Review: Hustler, The". preview.reelviews.net. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  10. "'The Color of Money': Three Men and a Sequel". archive.nytimes.com. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  11. "'Bata' Reyes, Strickland in $100,000 duel". Manila Standard Today. November 27, 1996. p. 15.
  12. Billiards, Revised and Updated. Google Books. May 2005. p. 4. ISBN 9781461749929. Retrieved 7 January 2020.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Official website
  • Pro9 — website detailing the many nine-ball tournaments held within the British Isles and beyond