|Heichest govrenin body||Warld Puil Association|
|Team members||single competitors or doubles|
|Equipment||Cue sports equipment|
Nine-bawl (English: Nine-ball, sometimes written 9-ball) i a cue sport and type of puil. The game i traceable to origins i the 1920 i the United States. It is played on a rectangular table covered wae a colored cloth (or "baize"), wae pockets at each o the four corners and i the middle of each long side. Usin a cue stick an nine coloured bawls, players must strike the white bawl (or "cue bawl") to pot o pocket the remaining bawls i the correct sequence. Bawls are numbered one through nine bein potted in ascendin order. An individual game (or rack), i won by the player pocketing the number nine ball (known as the 9-ball.) Matches ae usually played as a race to a set number of racks, with the winner being the player to reach the set number of racks won.
The game i currently organised by the Warld Pool Association an the Women's Professional Billiard Association with the European Pocket Billiard Federation, China Billiards & Snooker Association an United States Professional Poolplayers Association running regional events. The most prestigious nine-ball toornament is the WPA Warld Nine-ball Championship, first being held in 1990 wi the first two events being won by Earl Strickland. Key figures i the game include Efren Reyes, Francisco Bustamante an Thorsten Hohmann, wi Strickland havin won the warld championship the most times, doing so three times. The game is often associated with hustling and gambling, with toornaments often having a "buy-in" amount to become a participant. The sport hae featured i popular culture, specifically i the 1956 novel and 1961 film the Hustler an 1984 novel an 1986 film the Color of Money.
Nine-ball has been played with varied rules, with games such as ten-ball, seven-ball and three-ball being derived from the game. Whilst usually a singles sport, the game can be played i doubles, wae players competing alternate shots. Examples o toornaments featurin doubles include the Warld Cup of Pool, Warld Team Championship an the Mosconi Cup.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Nine-ball i a type of pocket billiards game, fountit i the 1920s i America. The game wis founded a deriviative game, designed uisin the same equipment as in eight-ball which wis founded by Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company i the early 1900s.
Popular culture[eedit | eedit soorce]
The sport hae featured i popular culture, specifically i the 1956 novel an 1961 film the Hustler, an 1984 novel an 1986 film the Color of Money. A match dedicated tae the later film atween Earl Strickland an Efren Reyes wis held i1996, called the "Color o Money II".
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "The History of Billiards". Archived frae the original on 9 Februar 2007. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
- "Sports history - Billiards". Archived frae the original on 23 Februar 2002. Archived 2007-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "WPA 9-Ball Game Rules". Archived frae the original on 17 November 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2010.
- Shamos, Mike (1999). The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Billiards. New York: Lyons Press. ISBN 1-55821-797-5.:24, 89–90
- Jewett, Bob (Februar 2002). "8-Ball Rules: The Many Different Versions of One of Today's Most Common Games". Billiards Digest Magazine: 22–23.
- Hickok, Ralph (2001). "Sports History: Pocket Billiards". Archived frae the original on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 13 December 2006. Archived 2007-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Shamos, Mike (1995–2005). "A Brief History of the Noble Game of Billiards". Billiard Congress America. Archived frae the original on 27 Januar 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2006.
- Rossen, Robert (1972). Three Screenplays: All the Kings Men, The Hustler, and Lilith. New York, Anchor Doubleday Books. LCCN 70-175418.
- "Review: Hustler, The". preview.reelviews.net. Retrieved 7 Januar 2020.
- "'The Color of Money': Three Men and a Sequel". archive.nytimes.com. Retrieved 7 Januar 2020.
- "'Bata' Reyes, Strickland in $100,000 duel". Manila Standard Today. 27 November 1996. p. 15.
- Billiards, Revised and Updated. Google Books. Mey 2005. p. 4. ISBN 9781461749929. Retrieved 7 Januar 2020.
[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Official website
- Pro9 — website detailing the many nine-ball tournaments held within the British Isles and beyond