Mencius

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Mencius
Mencius.jpg
Mencius, frae Myths and Legends of China,
1922 bi E. T. C. Werner
Born 372 BCE
Died 289 BCE (aged 83)
Era Ancient philosophy
Region Chinese philosophy
Schuil Confucianism
Main interests
Ethics, Social philosophy,
Poleetical philosophy
Notable ideas
Confucianism
Auncestral name (姓): Ji (Cheenese: ; Pinyin: Jī)
Clan name (氏): Meng (Ch: 孟; Py: Mèng)[1]
Given name (名): Ke (Ch: 軻; Py: Kē)
Courtesy name (字): Unknown[2]
Posthumous name (謚): Master Meng the Second Sage[3] (Ch: 亞聖孟子; Py: Yàshèng Mèngzǐ)
Styled: Master Meng[4] (Ch: ; Py: Mèngzǐ)

Mencius (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Mèng Zǐ; Wade–Giles: Meng4 Tzu3; Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄇㄥˋ ㄗˇ; maist acceptit dates: 372 – 289 BCE; ither possible dates: 385 – 303/302 BCE) wis a Cheenese philosopher who is the maist famous Confucian efter Confucius himself.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The original clan name was Mengsun (孟孫), and was shortened into Meng (孟). It is unknown whether this occurred before or after Mencius's death.
  2. Traditionally, his courtesy name was assumed to be Ziche (子車), sometimes incorrectly written as Ziyu (子輿) or Ziju (子居), but recent scholarly works show that these courtesy names appeared in the 3rd century CE and apply to another historical figure named Meng Ke who also lived in Chinese antiquity and was mistaken for Mencius.
  3. That is, the second sage after Confucius. Name given in 1530 by Emperor Jiajing. In the two centuries before 1530, the posthumous name was "The Second Sage Duke of Zou" (鄒國亞聖公) which is still the name that can be seen carved in the Mencius ancestral temple in Zoucheng.
  4. Romanized as Mencius.
  5. Shun, Kwong Loi. "Mencius". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 19 September 2012.