Louis XIV o Fraunce

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Louis XIV
Louis XIV of France.jpg
Louis XIV bi Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701)
Keeng o Fraunce an Navarre
Ring14 Mey 1643 – 1 September 1715
Coronation7 Juin 1654
PredecessorLouis XIII
SuccessorLouis XV
RegentAnne o Austrick (till 1651)
Born5 September 1638(1638-09-05)
Saint Germain en Laye, Fraunce
Dee'd1 September 1715(1715-09-01) (aged 76)
Palace o Versailles, Versailles, Fraunce
BuirialRyal Basilica, Saint Denis, Fraunce
SpouseMaria Theresa o Austrick
Madame de Maintenon (secret)
Louis, Grand Dauphin
Marie Thérèse, "Madame Royale"
Philippe Charles, Duke o Anjou
Louis François, Duke o Anjou
Marie Anne, Princess o Conti
Louis, Coont o Vermandois
Louis Auguste, Duke o Maine
Louise Françoise, Duchess o Bourbon
Louis Alexandre, Coont o Toulouse
Marie Françoise, Duchess o Orléans
Louise, Baroness o La Queue
Louise Marie Anne, Mademoiselle de Tours
Full name
Louis Dieudonné de France
HooseHoose o Bourbon
FaitherLouis XIII o Fraunce
MitherAnne o Austrick
SeegnaturLouis XIV's signature

Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), kent as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun Keeng (le Roi-Soleil), wis a monarch o the Hoose o Bourbon who ruled as Keeng o Fraunce an Navarre frae 1643 till his daith.[1] His reign o 72 years an 110 days is the langest o monarchs o major kintras in European history.[2] He weas succeeded bi Louis XV, but Louis' nephew an son-in-law Philippe d'Orléans, Duke o Orléans acted as regent till the young keeng became o age in 1723.

Issue with Queen Marie Thérèse[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Louis o Fraunce, Dauphin o Fraunce, "Le Grand Dauphin" (1 November 1661 – 14 Aprile 1711) mairit Maria Anna Victoria o Bavarie an haed issue. Mairit again tae Marie Émilie de Joly (in saecret) but haed nae issue
  2. Anne Élisabeth o Fraunce (18 November 1662 – 30 December 1662) died in infancy.
  3. Marie Anne o Fraunce (16 November 1664 – 26 December 1664) died in infancy or the Black Nun o Moret
  4. Marie Thérèse o Fraunce"Madame Royale" (2 Januar 1667 – 1 Mairch 1672) died in infancy.
  5. Philippe Charles o Fraunce (5 August 1668 – 10 Julie 1671) Duke o Anjou, died in infancy.
  6. Louis François o Fraunce (14 Juin 1672 – 4 November 1672) Duke o Anjou, died in infancy.

Issue with Mademoiselle de La Vallière[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Charles de La Baume Le Blanc (19 December 1663 – 15 Julie 1665) died young.
  2. Philippe de La Baume Le Blanc (7 Januar 1665 – 1666) died young.
  3. Louis de La Baume Le Blanc (27 December 1665 – 1666) died young.
  4. Marie Anne de Bourbon (2 October 1666 – 3 Mai 1739) mairit Louis Armand de Bourbon, Prince o Conti but haed nae issue.
  5. Louis de Bourbon, Coont o Vermandois (2 October 1667 – 18 November 1683) died in adulthood.

Issue with Madame de Montespan[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Louise Françoise de Bourbon (1669-1672) died young.
  2. Louis Auguste de Bourbon, Duke o Maine (31 Mairch 1670 - 14 Mey 173) mairit Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon an haed issue.
  3. Louis César de Bourbon, Coont o Vexin (20 Juin 1672 – 10 Januar 1683) died in infancy.
  4. Louise Françoise de Bourbon, "Mademoiselle de Nantes" (1 Juin 1673 – 16 Juin 1743) mairit Louis de Bourbon, Duke o Bourbon, Prince o Condé an haed issue.
  5. Louise Marie Anne de Bourbon, "Mademoiselle de Tours" 18 November 1674 – 15 September 1681) died young.
  6. Marie Françoise de Bourbon, "Mademoiselle de Blois" (4 Mey 1677 – 1 Februar 1749) mairit Philippe d'Orléans, Duke o Orléans, Regent o Fraunce an had issue.
  7. Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Coont o Toulouse (6 Juin 1678 – 1 December 1737) mairit Marie Victoire de Noailles an haed issue.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. See Leet o Navarrese monarchs an thair faimily tree.
  2. "Louis XIV". MSN Encarta. 2008. Archived frae the oreeginal on 1 November 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2008.